Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

A Complete Transport Model of Components through Zeolite Membranes in a Wicke-Kallenbach Permeation Cell

C.J. Kamp, I. Perdana, and D. Creaser
Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden,

This study discusses the development of a complete model for multi-component mass transport through a zeolite membrane in a Wicke-Kallenbach permeation cell. A three dimensional permeation cell model was built in COMSOL Multiphysics. The general PDE mode was used to apply the Maxwell-Stefan equations for surface diffusion, the dominant transport mechanism in zeolite micropores, while the ...

Optimizing Fuel Cell Design with COMSOL Multiphysics

Chin-Hsien Cheng[1]
[1]Renewable Energy RD Center, Chung-Hsin Electric & Machinery, Taiwan

Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) were investigated using COMSOL Multiphysics with the AC/DC Module and Chemical Engineering Module. Simulation may be used to increase the performance while decreasing the cost of the catalyst later (CL). Experimental validation of single and multi-layer CL was performed for varied PBI electrolyte content. The validated model was used to investigate the ...

A Non-isothermal Modeling of a Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell

H. Shin[1]

[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Michigan – Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA

Polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cells have attracted attention as an alternative power source in various applications such as vehicles, portable supplies, and stationary power systems. A non-isothermal PEM fuel model is developed and simulated by using COMSOL Multiphysics. Although PEM fuel cells have been expected to be extensively used as an alternative power source, there have been ...

Low Pt Cathodes for High Performance PEMFCs: Modeling and Experiments

F. Daouda[1], J. Hamelin[1], P. Benard[1], S. Kumar Natarajan [1]
[1]Insitut de recherche sur l'hydrogène, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada

We present a novel multi-layered electrode fabrication technique for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs). This method consists of alternate layers of Pt deposition (0.05 mg/cm²) by sputtering on the painted multi-walled carbon-Nafion layer (CNL) with larger concentration of catalyst particles closer to the membrane. Parametric models were developed and validated by experimental ...

Three Dimensional Modeling of PEM Fuel Cells with Current Collection from the Gas Diffusion Layer

R. Pushpangadan[1], A. Soman[2], Arundas R.[2], N. G. Thoppan[2], S. P. Duttagupta[1]
[1]Department of Electrical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
[2]College of Engineering, Munnar, Kerala, India

PEM fuel cells are very promising for portable applications. A key component of fuel cell is the flow field plate through which hydrogen will reach the anode, oxygen will reach the cathode and electron collection. Flow field plate made of silicon is not a good electrical conductor , so electrical contacts has to be attached to the Gas Diffusion Layer (GDL) for taking the power to outside ...

Lithium-Ion Battery Simulation for Greener Ford Vehicles

D. Bernardi
Ford Motor Company

Dr. Bernardi is a Research Engineer with Ford Motor Company in Dearborn, MI. Her research focuses on the analysis and simulation of electrochemical energy-storage and conversion systems. In particular, Dr. Bernardi develops mathematical models that predict system behavior and identify governing physicochemical processes. Experimental investigations support model development, analysis, and ...

Effect of Channel Width on Fuel Cell Performance Using 3D Modelling

R. Pushpangadan, S. S. Dimble, and S. P. Duttagupta
IIT Bombay
Mumbai
Maharasthra, India

A three Dimensional model of the PEM Fuel cell is implemented using COMSOL Multiphysics and the channel width is varied to study the performance.Effect of channel width on the performance of the cell is studied by varying the width of the channel and keeping channel width to rib ratio constant at 1. Rib width is the width of the GDL area which is not covered by the channel. All other parameters ...

Flow Accelerated Corrosion Modelling of Carbon Steel using FEMLAB : A Preliminary Study

Amimer, A.1, 2, Mandin, P.3, Lincot, D.3, Horner, O.1
1 EDF R&D, Département MMC, Moret-sur-Loing, France
2 Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Paris, Paris, France
3 Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Paris, UMR 7575, Paris, France

Flow Accelerated Corrosion (FAC) of carbon steel has been studied world-wide for more than twenty years and is now fairly well understood. The influence of several parameters like water chemistry (pH, dioxygen content), temperature, hydrodynamic or mass transfer conditions (flow velocity, geometry) and steel composition on the corrosion kinetics has been demonstrated both theoretically (“Berge ...

Finite Element Analysis of an Enzymatic Biofuel Cell: The Orientations of a chip inside a blood artery

C. Wang[1], Y. Parikh[1], Y. Song[1], and J. Yang[1]
[1]Mechanical & Materials Science Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, Florida, USA

Output performance of an implantable enzymatic biofuel cell (EBFC) with three- dimensional highly dense micro-electrode arrays has been simulated with a finite element analysis approach. The purpose of this research is to optimize the orientation of this EBFC chip inside a blood artery such that the mass transport of glucose around all the micro-electrodes can be improved and hence output ...

Modeling of the Transport Phenomena in Lithium-Ion Battery Electrolytes

A. Nyman, M. Behm, and G. Lindbergh
Applied Electrochemistry, School of Chemical Science and Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology Stockholm, Sweden

Modeling of mass transport is an important step in evaluating lithium-ion battery electrolytes and understanding cell performance. For high-power applications, concentration gradients in the electrolyte lead to limiting currents, which limit the power-density of the battery. The model has been used for determining a complete set of transport and thermodynamic properties for LiPF6 dissolved in an ...

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