Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Simulation of a Multilayer Thermal Regulator for an Optical Reference

J.A. Ospina[1] and E. Canuto[1]
[1]Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy

The research project under which the COMSOL simulations are performed deals with multilayer and fine thermal control of an optical reference cavity for space applications. The cavity, made of Ultra Low Expansion glass (Corning ULE), must be kept close to the zero expansion temperature of the glass (close to room temperature). The target can only be met by active control, while leaving the cavity ...

Heat and Mass Transfer in Multilayer Fabrics

S. Quiniou1, F. Lesage1, V. Ventenat2, and M. A. Latifi1
1Laboratoire des Sciences du Génie Chimique, Nancy, France
2Centre de Recherche Decathlon, Villeneuve d'Ascq, France

In this paper, an investigation of heat and mass transfer in two-layer fabrics, used in the manufacture of comfortable sportswear, is presented. It is based on a model described by partial differential equations representing the mass balance of water vapor, free and adsorbed water and the heat balance in the fabric. The model involves several unknown physical and transfer parameters. A specific ...

3D FEM-analysis of a Micromachined Wind Sensor Based on a Self-heated Thermistor Array

A. Talic[1], S. Cerimovic[2], M. Mutapcic[2], R. Beigelbeck[1], and F. Keplinger[2]
[1]Institute for Integrated Sensor Systems, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Wiener Neustadt, Austria
[2]Institute of Sensor and Actuator Systems, Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria

We present COMSOL-based analyses and design optimizations of a micromachined wind sensor. The sensor relies on eight germanium thermistors embedded in a thin silicon nitride membrane, where two orthogonally arranged ensembles, each consisting of four thermistors, are connected to form a double Wheatstone-bridge. In operation, each bridge is supplied by a constant current and the self-heating of ...

Heat Loss Evaluation of an Experimental Set-up for Predicting the Initial Stage of the Boiling Curve for Water at low Pressure

K. T. Witte[1], F. Dammel[2], L. Schnabel[1], and P. Stephan[2]
[1]Fraunhofer Institut Solare Energiesysteme - Department of Thermal Systems and Buildings, Freiburg, Germany
[2]Technische Universität Darmstadt - Institute of Technical Thermodynamics, Darmstadt, Germany

In this paper heat losses and gains are assessed for a specific measuring set-up improving the validity of performance data to accurately predict the initial stage of a boiling curve. Simulation focus on achieving results predicting real measuring data of a plain surface structure. Therefore, the relevant components of the measuring set-up have been implemented in a 2-D axisymmetric model ...

Numerical Simulation Study on the Heat and Mass Transfer Through Multi-Layer Textile Assemblies

S.F. Neves[1], J.J.B.L.M. Campos[1], T.S. Mayor[2]
[1]CEFT – Transport Phenomena Research Center, Chemical Engineering Department, Porto University, Porto, Portugal
[2]CeNTI - Centre for Nanotechology and Smart Materials, Rua Fernando Mesquita, Vila Nova de Famalicão, Portugal

A clothing system should offer the user a period of relatively comfort. However, changes in the ambient conditions over day affect the heat and mass transport in the system, influencing the user comfort perception. In order to gather information to allow the optimization of clothing systems, it is essential to understand the heat and moisture transfer occurring across multi-layer textiles. For ...

Modeling a Novel Shallow Ground Heat Exchanger

M. Bottarelli[1], M. Bortoloni[1]
[1]Università degli Studi di Ferrara, Dipartimento di Architettura, Ferrara, Italia

Ground Heat Exchangers (GHXs) are rarely installed horizontally in linked ground source heat pumps used for space conditioning, because their energetic performance is lower than in the vertical solution. However, the horizontal one holds several advantages: it is easy to carry out and upkeep, it is more compliant with environmental regulations, and interferes marginally with groundwater systems. ...

COMSOL-based Simulations of Criticality Excursion Transients in Fissile Solution

C. Hurt[1], P. Angelo[2], R. Pevey[1]
[1]Department of Nuclear Engineering, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA
[2]Y-12 National Security Complex, Safety Analysis Engineering, Oak Ridge, TN, USA

Simulation of criticality accident transients offers the ability to confirm understanding of critical configurations, bound accident scenarios and aid comprehensive emergency planning. Computational ability to recreate excursion power histories in fissile solution is sought due to the predominance of solutions in process criticality accidents. Applicable solution transient physics methodologies ...

Theoretical Calculation and Analysis Modelling for the Effective Thermal Conductivity of Lithium Metatitanate Pebble Bed

M. Panchal[1], A. Shrivastava[1], P. Chaudhuri[1], E. Rajendrakumar[1]
[1]Institute For Plasma Research, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India

ITER is a joint international research and development project that aims to demonstrate the scientific and technical feasibility of fusion power. A main function of ITER is to test the tritium producing TBM (Test Blanket Module). In IN-LLCB (Lead Lithium Cooled Ceramic Breeder) TBM lithium matatitanate (Li2TiO3) has been selected as tritium breeder material in form of pebbles. The effective ...

Carbon Foam Filled with Phase Change Materials for Passive Temperature Management

Espinoza Vallejos, P.A., Duston, C.
Technology Assessment and Transfer

FEMLAB was used to aid in the design of a novel temperature management system. The system under consideration is a heat sink consisting of a carbon foam block brazed to the inside of an aluminum enclosure. The high thermal conductivity carbon foam is structurally reinforced and filled with a phase change material. A phase change material (PCM) is a substance which releases a large amount of ...

A Numerical Approach to the Heat Transfer Studies inside the Human Eye

E. H. Ooi, and E. Ng Yin Kwee
School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore

In this presentation, abnormalities in the human eye are studied. The outline for the presentation is:Background of the ResearchModel DevelopmentSteady state solution of a normal eyeEffects of aqueous humor hydrodynamics on the temperature distribution inside the human eyeSummary

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