Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Advanced simulation in medicine and biology: Opportunities for multiphysics modeling

S. Conrad
Louisiana State University, Health Sciences Center, Shreveport, LA, USA

Steven Conrad received his MD degree from Louisiana State University in 1978, and his PhD degree in Biomedical Engineering from Case Western Reserve University in 1985. His clinical practice includes intensive care and emergency medicine, and his research interests include computational dynamics and bioinformatics. He has worked with dynamic models of gas transport in artificial lungs, and more ...

Formation Of Porosities During Spot Laser Welding : Case Of Tantalum Joining

C. Touvrey
CEA Valduc, France

During the welding of tantalum with a ND: YAG pulsed laser, a deep and narrow cavity, called the keyhole, is formed. At the end of the process, surface tension forces provoke the collapse of the keyhole. For important interface deformations, gas bubbles can be trapped into the melting pool. If the solidification time is insufficient, these bubbles give birth to residual porosities. The aim of the ...

Two-Dimensional FEM Analysis Of Brillouin Gain Spectra In Acoustic Guiding And Acoustic Antiguiding Single Mode Optical Fibers

Y.S. Mamdem[4], X. Pheron[2], F.Taillade[3], Y. Jaouën[4], R. Gabet[4], V. Lanticq[1,3], G. Moreau[1], A. Boukenter[5], Y. Ouerdane[5], S. Lesoille[3], and J. Bertrand[2]
[1]EDF R&D, Chatou, France
[2]ANDRA, Chatenay-Malabry, France
[3]LCPC, Paris, France
[4]Telecom ParisTech, Paris, France
[5]Laboratoire Hubert Curien, Saint-Etienne, France

We present a full modal -analysis of optical and acoustic properties based on two-dimensional finite-element method (2D-FEM) for Brillouin Gain spectrum (BGS) determination in optical fibers with COMSOL. This model enables us to predict precisely the BGS of any kind of silica fiber knowing well the geometry of doping composition. The results of numerical modeling have shown good agreement in ...

Homogeneous and Inhomogeneous Model for Flow and Heat Transfer in Porous Materials as High Temperature Solar Air Receivers

O. Smirnova, T. Fend, P. Schwaryboezl, and D. Schoellgen
German Aerospace Center, Institute of Technical Thermodynamics, Koeln, Germany

Results of simulations on flow and heat transfer in a porous Silicon Carbide honeycomb structure applied as a solar air receiver are presented. In this application porous materials are put in concentrated solar radiation. Flux densities of up to 1000 MW/m² are reached. Simultanously, ambient air flows through the material to be heated up to temperatures of app. 800°C. This hot air is then used ...

Dynamic Model for Catenary Mooring: Experimental Validation of the Wave Induced Load

L. Martinelli[1], A. Spiandorello[2], P. Ruol[3], and A. Lamberti[1]
[1]DICAM, Università di Bologna, Italy
[2]Civil Engineer, Italy
[3]IMAGE, Università di Padova, Italy

This paper will present a numerical model based on COMSOL Multiphysics suited to simulate the dynamic response of a catenary mooring (or a submarine cable). In general, mooring lines are subject to a direct wave load (e.g. drag, inertia) in addition to the movement of the vessel to which they are linked. Tests were carried out at the wave flume of the Maritime Laboratory of IMAGE Department, ...

Numerical modelling of the damage potential of climate variations to a historic wooden cabinet

Z. Huijbregts, H. Schellen, and J. van Schijndel
Department of the Built Environment
Eindhoven University of Technology
Eindhoven, The Netherlands

The two wooden cabinets of Jan van Mekeren that are located in Amerongen Castle show comparable wood damage; in particular large cracks in the cabinet doors are clearly noticeable. It is assumed that these cracks were caused by bad indoor climate conditions in the castle. Combined computational modelling of the indoor climate conditions in the castle and the hygroscopic and mechanical ...

Study of an Alkaline Electrolyzer Powered by Renewable Energy

E. Amores, J. Rodriguez Ruiz, C. Merino Rodríguez, and P. García Escribano
Centro Nacional del Hidrógeno
Puertollano, Spain

The production of hydrogen from renewable energy surplus is seen as a key strategy for energy storage. Centro Nacional del Hidrógeno works actively in this direction by considering a strategic line in order to achieve a sustainable energy future. Alkaline electrolysis is the main industrial way of obtaining hydrogen by electrolysis. However, commercial alkaline electrolyzers are designed for ...

3D FEM-analysis of a Micromachined Wind Sensor Based on a Self-heated Thermistor Array

A. Talic[1], S. Cerimovic[2], M. Mutapcic[2], R. Beigelbeck[1], and F. Keplinger[2]
[1]Institute for Integrated Sensor Systems, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Wiener Neustadt, Austria
[2]Institute of Sensor and Actuator Systems, Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria

We present COMSOL-based analyses and design optimizations of a micromachined wind sensor. The sensor relies on eight germanium thermistors embedded in a thin silicon nitride membrane, where two orthogonally arranged ensembles, each consisting of four thermistors, are connected to form a double Wheatstone-bridge. In operation, each bridge is supplied by a constant current and the self-heating of ...

Drift of Space Charge Produced by Glow Corona During Thunderstorms

M. Becerra
ABB Corporate Research, Power Technologies, Electrical Apparatus and Diagnostics group, Västerås, Sweden

Glow corona discharges are generated from tall objects during thunderstorms previous to a lightning strike. These discharges generate space charge which can hinder the development of subsequent discharges. In order to quantify the shielding effect of positive glow corona, a transient, two dimensional model of the drift of the space charge generated on the tip of tall objects under the ...

Modelling Failure Mechanims in Sands Under Extreme Loads Using COMSOL

J. Mwebesa, D. Kalumba, and R. Kulabako
Makerere University
Kampala, Uganda

Studies by Nishaat (2009) showed that Terzaghi\'s bearing capacity model didn\'t adequately predict the bearing capacity failure in Philippi Dune sands. Nishaat carried out her investigation using a physical model that was built in a geotechnical laboratory. The failure surfaces she observed in the sands did not resemble those predicted by Terzaghi and Meyerhof\'s models. However the use of a ...

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