Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA
Dye sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) have received tremendous attention as alternative photon harvesting devices. While the sintered TiO2 nanoparticle network attached with dye molecules achieves efficient photon absorption, the electrons have to diffuse through the long TiO2 network to reach the contact, resulting in a high electron density and thus increased recombination. Extensive research ...
Evaluation of Tensile Modulus of Carbon Nanotube Bundle Based Composite with Interface Using Finite Element Method
M. S. Islam, F. O. Riktan, S. C. Chowdhury, M. M. R. Chowdhury, and S. Ahmed
Bangladesh University of Engineering & Technology (BUET)
Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs) have remarkable mechanical, thermal and electrical properties. The properties of CNTs depend on atomic arrangement (how the sheets of graphite are rolled), the diameter and length of the tubes and morphology of nanostructure. In this paper effective elastic properties of CNT based polymer composites are evaluated using a square Representative Volume Element (RVE) in ...
N. Fillot, T. Doki-Thonon, and W. Habchi
CNRS, INSA, Université de Lyon, Lyon, France
Department of Industrial and Mechanical Engineering, Lebanese American University, Byblos, Lebanon
A ball is in contact with a plane, and a lubricant separates the two surfaces to decrease friction during their relative motion. To avoid wear, the lubricant film thickness should be higher than the surface roughness. The goal of this paper is to show how it is possible to solve efficiently the problem of elastohydrodynamics lubrication with COMSOL Multiphysics®, using a PDE (Partial ...
D. Droste, F. Lindner, C. Mundt, M. Pfitzner
Universität der Bundeswehr, Munich, Bavaria, Germany
In this study we investigate the heat and mass transfer in a porous media with phase change. The liquid fluid is injected from one side and heated from the other side, where it leaves the porous material in a gaseous state. Dominant forces are capillary interactions and two-phase heat conduction. To model the process we use a two-phase mixture model on a macroscopic scale. This model is ...
S. Gorelick, M. Leivo, U. Kantojärvi
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, Finland
Excessive air damping can be detrimental to the performance of oscillating MEMS components. Complex systems, such as structures in pre-etched cavities or angular comb-drive scanning mirrors, typically require simulations to reliably evaluate the air damping. The simulated and experimental performance of the following systems was evaluated and compared: two types of out-of-plane cantilevers, ...
W. Raja, A. Alabastri, S. Tuccio, R. Proietti Zaccaria
Department of Nanostructures, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Genova, Italy
Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensors proved themselves as a promising device for many kinds of applications such as optical biosensing, binding constant determinationor nanofilm thickness measurements. Here we simulate using COMSOL Multiphysics® the light-polaritons coupling for the two most commonly used SPR setups: Attenuated total reflection (Kretschmann configuration) and diffraction ...
S. Meenatchisundaram, S. M. Kulkarni, S. Bhat
Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering, Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal, Karnataka, India.
Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Surathkal, Karnataka, India.
Piezoresistive pressure sensors have received much attention over the years because of low cost, simple measurement techniques, etc. There is a challenge in design with respect to appropriate positioning, shape and temperature compensation. Different models of piezoresistive pressure sensors are proposed to enhance its sensitivity in terms of output voltage. This paper aims in sensitivity ...
B. Finlayson, A. Aditya, V. Brasher, L. Dahl, H. Dinh, A. Field, J. Flynn, C. Jenssen, D. Kress, F. Ninh, A. Nordmeier, H. Song, and C. Yuen
University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
The mixing of liquids was characterized in thirteen different microfluidic devices. The goal was to characterize, in a uniform manner, the flow and mixing that occurred in slow, laminar flow and to present the results that allow quick designs. The mixing of a dilute chemical in another liquid during slow, laminar flow is a particularly difficult task, but the results showed that for ...
G. Atmeh, F. Darwish, and Z. Hasan
Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan
Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA
The present study focuses on the design and analysis of a single-engine, propeller-driven general aviation airplane. Initial weight estimation based on the initial sketch and the design mission profile is conducted. The estimated weight and other design parameters are used to define the external geometry of the fuselage, wing and tail. Conic lofting is utilized to render a layout of the design ...
Electrical Conductivity Modeling and Validation in Unidirectional Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composites
P. Banerjee, J. L. Schmidt
Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO, USA
Carbon fiber (CF) reinforced polymer composites (CFRP) have begun to replace Al-Zn-Mg alloys in applications which require high strength-to-weight ratios. The anisotropy of CFRP composites is a result of melt crystallized extrusion techniques that impart an inherent directionality to the CFs and the associated material’s properties. Electrical conductivity was modeled across the entire CF ...