The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. You can download ready-to-use tutorial models and demo apps with step-by-step instructions for how to create them yourself. The examples in the gallery serve as a great starting point for your own simulation work.

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Vector Hysteresis Modeling

Hard ferromagnetic materials are often used as cores in inductive devices. These materials exhibit hysteresis, which means that the magnetization of the material not only depends on the magnetic field, but also on the previous state of magnetization. In order to use these materials in time-dependent simulations, hysteresis modeling is required. In this model, a 3D simulation employing the Jiles ...

Magnetic Damping of Vibrating Conducting Solids

When a conductive solid material moves through a static magnetic field, an eddy current is induced. The current that flows through the conductor, which is itself moving through the magnetic field, induces a Lorentz force back on the solid. Therefore, a conductive solid that is vibrating in a static magnetic field will experience a structural damping. In this example, a cantilever beam is ...

Busbar, AC Analysis

This is a busbar configuration with an AC analysis. The configuration is similar to the introductory tutorial in the book Introduction to COMSOL Multiphysics. However, two conductors are added to represent a more realistic case of magnetic fields surrounding the busbar. The results include Lorentz forces, induced currents, magnetic flux, and temperature.

Inductive Liquid Metal Pump

Induction pumps are used in high temperature cooling systems. The principle of operation is equivalent to a linear three phase induction motor. The lack of moving parts and the pumped liquid being kept in a hermetically closed system are clear advantages. This model shows how to simulate a generic liquid Na pump.

Computing the Effect of Fringing Fields on Capacitance

A typical capacitor is composed of two conductive objects with a dielectric in between them. A voltage difference applied between these objects results in an electric field between them. This electric field exists not just directly between the conductive objects, but extends some distance away, this is known as a fringing field. To accurately predict the capacitance of a capacitor, the domain ...

Quadrupole Mass Spectrometer

The principle component of a quadrupole mass spectrometer is the mass filter which is used to filter ions with different charge to mass ratios. The quadrupole mass filter has been well studied over the years, Ref. 1 and the physics and optimal design are well understood. In a real quadrupole mass spectrometer, fringe fields exist at both the entrance and exit of the mass filter. These fringe ...

Electromagnetic Force Calculation Using Virtual Work and Maxwell Stress Tensor

The model compare the electromagnetic force calculated by *virtual work* and *maxwell stress tensor* methods on the axial magntic bearing. The forces is evaluated by studying the effect of a small displacement on the electromagnetic energy of the system. This is done by using the *Magnetic Fields*, *Deformed Geometry* and *Sensitivity* physics interfaces.

Axial Homopolar Induction Bearing in 3D

This model illustrates the working principle of an axial homopolar induction bearing. An electrically conducting rotor rotating in a magnetic field produced by a permanent magnets induces eddy currents on the conducting rotor. The eddy currents, in turn, produce a magnetic field that opposes the magnetic fields by the magnets and induces a force that opposes the motion of the rotor. The axial ...

Electric Shielding Comparison

The electric shielding boundary condition is meant to approximate a thin layer of highly conductive material that provides an additional current path tangential to a boundary. This example compares the electric shielding boundary condition to a full-fidelity model and discusses the range of applicability of this boundary condition.

Contact Impedance Comparison

The contact impedance boundary condition is meant to approximate a thin layer of material that impedes the flow of current normal to the boundary, but does not introduce any additional conduction path tangential to the boundary. This example compares the contact impedance boundary condition to a full-fidelity model and discusses the range of applicability of this boundary condition.