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The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. You can download ready-to-use tutorial models and demo apps with step-by-step instructions for how to create them yourself. The examples in the gallery serve as a great starting point for your own simulation work.
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Optical Scattering by Gold Nanospheres

This model demonstrates the simulation of the scattering of a plane wave of light by a gold nanosphere. The scattering is computed for the optical frequency range over which gold can be modeled as a material with negative complex-valued permittivity. The far-field pattern and losses are computed.

Mach-Zehnder Modulator

A Mach-Zehnder modulator is used for controlling the amplitude of an optical wave. The input waveguide is split up into two waveguide interferometer arms. If a voltage is applied across one of the arms, a phase shift is induced for the wave passing through that arm. When the two arms are recombined, the phase difference between the two waves is converted to an amplitude modulation. This is a ...

Stress-Optical Effects with Generalized Plane Strain

Planar photonic waveguides in silica (SiO2) have great potential for use in wavelength routing applications. The major problem with this type of waveguide is birefringence. Anisotropic refractive indices result in fundamental mode splitting and pulse broadening. The goal is to minimize birefringence effects by adapting materials and manufacturing processes. One source of birefringence is the use ...

Bandgap Analysis of a Photonic Crystal

This model investigates the wave propagation in a photonic crystal that consists of GaAs pillars placed equidistant from each other. The distance between the pillars determines a relationship between the wave number and the frequency of the light, which prevents light of certain wavelengths propagating inside the crystal structure. This frequency range is called the photonic bandgap. There are ...

Scatterer on a Substrate

A plane TE-polarized electromagnetic wave is incident on a gold nanoparticle on a dielectric substrate. The absorption and scattering cross-sections of the particle are computed for a few different polar and azimuthal angles of incidence. The model first computes a background field from the plane wave incident on the substrate, and then uses that to arrive at the total field with the nanoparticle ...

Dielectric Slab Waveguide

A planar dielectric slab waveguide demonstrates the principles behind any kind of dielectric waveguide such as a ridge waveguide or a step-index fiber. This model solves for the effective index and fields of a dielectric slab waveguide and compares the solution to analytic results.

Directional Coupler

Two embedded optical waveguides in close proximity form a directional coupler. The cladding material is GaAs and the core material is ion-implanted GaAs. The waveguide is excited by the two first supermodes of the waveguide structure - the symmetric and antisymmetric modes. Two numeric ports are used on both the exciting boundary and the absorbing boundary, to define the two modes. A boundary ...

Photonic Crystal

Photonic crystal devices are periodic structures of alternating layers of materials with different refractive indices. Waveguides that are confined inside of a photonic crystal can have very sharp low-loss bends, which may enable an increase in integration density of several orders of magnitude. This is a study of a photonic crystal waveguide. The crystal features a grid of GaAs pillars. ...

Optical Ring Resonator Notch Filter

In its simplest form, an optical ring resonator consists of a straight waveguide and a ring waveguide. The waveguides are placed close to each other, making the light affect each between the two structures. If the propagation length around the ring is an integral number of wavelengths, the field becomes resonant and a strong field builds up in the ring. After propagation around the ring ...

Self-Focusing

A Gaussian beam is launched into BK-7 optical glass. The material has an intensity-dependent refractive index. At the center of the beam, the refractive index is the largest. The induced refractive index profile counteracts diffraction and actually focuses the beam. Self-focusing is important in the design of high-power laser systems. The model demonstrates 3D nonlinear wave propagation.

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