Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Solid-Liquid Phase Change Simulation Applied to a Cylindrical Latent Heat Energy Storage System

D. Groulx[1], and W. Ogoh[1]

[1]Mechanical Engineering Department, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada

One way of storing thermal energy is through the use of latent heat energy storage systems. One such system, composed of a cylindrical container filled with paraffin wax, through which a copper pipe carrying hot water is inserted, is presented in this paper. It is shown that the physical processes encountered in the flow of water, the heat transfer by conduction and convection, and the phase ...

Rapid Prototyping of Biosensing Surface Plasmon Resonance Devices using COMSOL & Matlab software

J.J. Dubowski[1], and D.Carrier[1]
[1]Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Université de Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada

We present a Finite Element Method simulation procedure that allows rapid development of prototype devices comprising novel self-referenced interference SPR (surface plasmon resonance) biosensing microstructures. The procedure takes advantage of  COMSOL Multiphysics and MATLAB software and their bi-directional link. The simulation is made using COMSOL RF Module, 2D harmonic propagation ...

Nanoscale Heat Transfer using Phonon Boltzmann Transport Equation

S. Sihn[1,2], and A.K. Roy[2]

[1]Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Dayton, Ohio, USA
[2]University of Dayton Research Institute, Dayton, Ohio, USA

COMSOL Multiphysics was used to solve a phonon Boltzmann transport equation (BTE) for nanoscale heat transport problems. One dimensional steady-state and transient BTE problems were successfully solved based on finite element and discrete ordinate methods for spatial and angular discretizations, respectively, by utilizing the built-in feature of the COMSOL, Coefficient Form of PDE.

Modeling Optical Nanoantenna Arrays with COMSOL Multiphysics

Z. Liu[1], X. Ni[1], and A. Kildishev[1]
[1]School of Electrical and Computer Engineering and Birck Nanotechnology Center, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA

Optical nanoantennas have been of great interest recently due to their ability to support a highly efficient, localized surface plasmon resonance and produce significantly enhanced and highly confined electromagnetic fields. Such enhanced local fields have many applications such as biosensors, near-fieldscanning optical microscopy (NSOM), quantum optical information processing, enhanced Raman ...

Multiphysics Simulation of a Packed Bed Reactor

A.E. Varela[1], and J.C. García[1]

[1]University of Carabobo, Valencia, Venezuela

Most reactor designs are based on pseudo homogeneous models. This paper studies the COMSOL simulation of a packed bed reactor using a 2-D heterogeneous model. The case considered was a packed reactor with spherical catalyst for oxidation of o-xylene in air to phthalic anhydride. Large differences in intra-pellet temperature were found in comparison with the average temperatures resulting from ...

Implementation of a Paraxial Optical Propagation Method for Large Photonic Devices

J.E. Toney[1]

[1]Pennsylvania State University Electro-Optics Center, Freeport, Pennsylvania, USA

We demonstrate the use of COMSOL Multiphysics with MATLAB to model signal generation in wide-bandgap semiconductor radiation detectors. A quasi-hemispherical detector design is compared with a simple, planar detector. Results show that the quasi-hemispherical design can simply and effectively compensate for the poor hole transport of most compound semiconductor materials. In this paper we present ...

Numerical Study of the Electrical Properties of Insulating Thin Films Deposited on a Conductive Substrate

R.A.Gerhardt[1], and S. Kumar[1]
[1]School of Materials Science and Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia, USA

Parametric finite element simulations were performed to study the effect of film thickness, and electrode size on the different impedance parameters for insulating thin films deposited on a conductive substrate. COMSOL Multiphysics® was used to solve the quasi-static form of Maxwell’s electromagnetic equations in time harmonic mode. Several types of 2D models (linear and axisymmetric) ...

Mathematical Modeling of a Lithium Ion Battery

R. E. White[1], and Long Cai[2]
[1]R.E. White & Associates LLC, Columbia, South Carolina, USA
[2]Department of Chemical Engineering, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina, USA

The existing lithium ion battery model in COMSOL’s Multiphysics  software is extended to include the thermal effects. The thermal behavior of a lithium ion battery is studied during the galvanostatic discharge process with and without a pulse. The existing lithium ion battery model in COMSOL 3.5a is extended by adding an energy balance and the temperature dependence of properties of ...

An Analysis of Heat Conduction with Change of Phase with Application to the Solidification of Copper

J. Michalski[1], and E. Gutirrez-Miravete[2]
[1]Hamilton-Sundstrand
[2]Rensselaer at Hartford, Hartford, Connecticut, US

The goal of this study was to determine the possibility of using the finite element in COMSOL Multiphysics program to obtain a high accuracy solution to a moving boundary problem, specifically, the solidification of copper. A one-dimensional geometry in Cartesian coordinates was used to investigate the solidification of initially liquid copper from a chilled wall maintained at fixed temperature. ...

Multiphysics Topology Optimization of Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow Systems

E. Dede[1]
[1]Toyota Research Institute of North America, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA

This paper is focused on topology optimization of heat transfer and fluid flow systems for multiphysics objectives. Specifically, COMSOL Multiphysics software is coupled with a method of moving asymptotes optimizer in a custom COMSOL / MATLAB script. Various physical process including conduction, convection-diffusion, and Navier-Stokes flow are considered. To illustrate the method, a standard ...

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