Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Design Simulations of a General Purpose Research Micro Reactor for Methane Conversion to Syngas.

C. Bouchot[1], and M.A. Valenzuela[1]
[1]Instituto Politécnico Nacional-ESIQIE, México D.F, México

A general purpose stainless steel micro reactor setup for methane conversion is being designed for research purposes. We intend to design and build a modular device that would be able to manage different types of reactions depending on the installed modules. The device should be able to allow the study of gas phase reactions at low (atmospheric) and high pressures (up to 20 MPa), with the ...

Numerical and Experimental Study of Flow, Heat Transfer and Concentration in a Scaled-up Fuel Cell Anode Channel Model

J. C. Torchia-Nüñez[1], and J.G. Cervantes-de-Gortari[1]

[1]Department of Thermal Engineering, National University of Mexico, UNAM, Mexico City, Mexico

Flow, concentration and temperature fields are studied with numerical and experimental methods inside a scaled-up fuel cell anode channel model. The low aspect ratio channel has a porous medium as the inferior wall where a mixing of different pH solutions occurs. Chromatic change of phenolphthalein is used to visualize concentration field and Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) is used to visualize ...

Modeling of Drying of Cellular Ceramic Structures: Coupled Electromagnetic and Multiphase Porous Media Model

A. Dhall[1], G. Peng[2], G. Squier[2], M. Geremew[3], L. Bogaczyk[2], J. George[3], W.A. Wood[3], and A.K. Datta[1]
[1]Biological and Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA
[2]Manufacturing Technology & Engineering, Corning Inc., Sullivan Park, Corning, New York, USA
[3]Corporate Research, Corning Inc., Sullivan Park, Corning, New York, USA

Cellular ceramic substrates are extensively used for pollution control systems in vehicles. The manufacturing process of them can involve microwave drying. In this study, we describe the development of a modeling framework for the microwave drying process of these substrates. The transport model is implemented in COMSOL 3.5a using 4 PDEs: 1) Convection-Conduction for temperature, 2) ...

Computational Modeling of Magnetorheological Elastomers Using Soft and Hard Magnetic Particles

J. Biggs[1], P. VonLockette[1], and S. Lofland[1]
[1]Rowan University, Glassboro, New Jersey

Magnetorheological Elastomers (MREs) are a composite that consist of magnetic micrometer sized particles suspended within rubber matrix filler. By placing this material within an external magnetic field during the rubber curing process, the poles of the particles are forced to align and form chains of particles within the matrix. These chains cause the MRE to change its stiffness properties when ...

Effect of S-p Relation Model on DNAPL Migration Simulation Result

H. Ishimori[1], and K. Endo[1]
[1]National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan

To consider effective counter measures against ground water contaminated with dense non-aqueous phase liquids (DNAPLs) such as chlorinated solvents, it is first important to understand the mechanism of their migration in heterogeneous aquifer. In addition, numerical analysis models to simulate such a complex migration in heterogeneous aquifer are required. The displacement pressure, which is ...

Finite Element Modeling a Redox-Enzyme-Based Electrochemical Biosensor

Y. Huang[1], and A. Mason[1]
[1]Electrical and Computer Engineering, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA

This paper describes the modeling of an electrochemical biosensor embedded in a microfluidic channel to determine the concentration of a target biomolecule. The total amount of analyte in the sample can be calculated by integrating the analyte concentration over the duration of the peak current. The biosensor is constructed by immobilizing redox-enzyme on an interdigitated array (IDA) electrode ...

Linear Convection and Conduction in Cylinders of Water Exposed to Periodic Thermal Stimuli

R.E. Tosh[1], and H.H. Chen-Mayer[1]
[1]National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA

Primary reference standards for determining absorbed dose to water in radiotherapy beams used at cancer clinics and hospitals ultimately must make reference to the temperature change in water produced by ionizing radiation. The most direct experimental technique for this purpose is water calorimetry. Since the dose distributions delivered by such beams are nonuniform, temperature signals ...

Modeling of Nerve Stimulation Thresholds and Their Dependence on Electrical Impedance with COMSOL

P. Krastev[1], and B. Tracey[1]
[1]Neurometrix, Inc., Waltham, Massachusetts, USA

Nerve localization is important for applications in regional anesthesia. Localization is achieved by stimulating the nerve with an electric field produced by a current from a needle inserted into the body of the patient, close to the target nerve.  Modeling of the electric field in close proximity to the nerve may help to explain observed variations in threshold currents and can help to ...

Reliability Evaluation for Static Chamber Method at Landfill Sites

H. Ishimori[1], K. Endo[1], and M. Yamada[1]
[1]National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan

In this study, COMSOL Multiphysics was used for the reliability evaluation for static chamber method at landfill sites. Static chamber method, which measures landfill gas emission fluxes, is widely used at landfill sites for the monitoring of greenhouse gas emission such as methane and carbon dioxide. The accuracy and the reliability of static chamber method are dependent on the measuring ...

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