A COMSOL Model of Damage Evolution Due to High Energy Laser Irradiation of Partially Absorptive Materials
P. Joyce, J. Radice, A. Tresansky, J. Watkins
United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD, USA
In this paper we present a transient numerical model of the heat transfer and thermochemical damage evolution in an IR translucent material using COMSOL Multiphysics. The model is evaluated using literature supplied and experimentally determined material properties for carbon black laden PMMA (polymethyl-methacrylate). This variant of PMMA was chosen because it is homogeneous, isotropic, and the ...
R. Nopper, J. Clark, C. Miller
DuPont Company, Wilmington, DE, USA
DuPont Company, Beaumont, TX, USA
Stress and failure in the earth have long been observed to couple to hydrogeology. Poroelastic models, introduced by soil scientists, can account for strong two-way coupling between porous crustal rock formations and their pore fluids. Current efforts to provide new energy resources (water injection in EGS, enhanced oil recovery) and to reduce pollution (CO2 sequestration, deepwell disposal) ...
F. Gao, D.W. Greve
Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
We report here on the use of the COMSOL emw (electromagnetic waves) module in the design of a microwave launcher. This launcher is to be used in a microwave Doppler sensor that is incorporated into a chemical looping combustion system. The launcher is designed in two steps. First, we determine the best mode for launching a wave into air from an overmoded cylindrical waveguide. he TE11 mode is ...
M. Christian, S. Firebaugh, A. Smith
United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD, USA
This project utilizes the heat transfer module of the COMSOL Multiphysics environment to model the effects that an ohmic heating probe will have on neural tissue. The model quantifies the thermal impact of active components embedded on a neural micro probe by solving the Penne’s bioheat equation with an external MATLAB function to determine the heat generation along the length of the probe. The ...
T.C. Zhu, B. Liu, X. Liang
University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Singlet oxygen (1O2) is the major cytotoxic agent during photodynamic therapy (PDT). A previously developed model that incorporates the diffusion equation for the light transport in tissue and the macroscopic kinetic equations for the generation of the singlet oxygen, can be used to numerically calculate the distance-dependent reacted 1O2 using finite-element method (FEM). The formula of reacted ...
G. Zhu, E.M. Dede
Toyota Research Institute of North America, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
In previous work, a two-dimensional (2D) model was carried out to simulate the phononic band structure of a phononic crystal with square lattice structure, but this model did not account for the out-of-plane phonon dispersions . In fact, for 2D films used for coating materials, it is more interesting to understand their cross-plane properties. In this work, the phonon dispersion relation of ...
D. Rossi, P. Scotton
University of Padova, Department of Geosciences, Padova, Italy
The research aims to clarify some aspects of the thermo-fluid dynamics of woody biomass flue gas, within the twisted conduit inside the heat accumulation stoves, and exposes also some analysis about the heat transport and heat exchange processes. The high temperature flue gas flows in the conduit, releasing heat to the refractory. The heat stored in the refractory is then released to the ...
Y. Lu, E. Garboczi, D. Bentz
National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, USA
The prediction of concrete materials service life is not easy, because the complex heterogeneous microstructure and the random nature of concrete materials. Study the presence of cracks in concrete and their effect on coupled reaction and transport are of great interest in civil engineering. Cracks with different widths and depths will reduce the cover thickness and accelerate the migration of ...
N. Elabbasi, X. Liu, S. Brown, M. Vidal, M. Pappalardo
Veryst Engineering LLC, Needham, MA, USA
Nordson EFD, East Providence, RI, USA
Laminar flow static mixers are accurate, inexpensive fluid mixing devices that can handle a wide range of fluids and mixing proportions. They have a wide range of industrial applications, especially in the consumer product, pharmaceutical, biomedical, and petrochemical industries. A good mixing quality is obtained when the outlet of the mixer has no concentrated volumes of either mixed materials ...
Design and Nuclear-Safety Related Simulations of Bare-Pellet Test Irradiations for the Production of Pu-238 in the High Flux Isotope Reactor Using COMSOL
J.D. Freels, P.K. Jain, R.W. Hobbs
Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA
The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is developing technology to re-establish the capability to produce plutonium-238 for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) as a power source material for powering vehicles while in deep-space. The High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) of ORNL has been utilized to perform test irradiations of in-capsulated neptunium oxide (NpO2) and aluminum ...