Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Numerical Study of a DC Electromagnetic Liquid Metal Pump: Limits of the Model

N. Kandev[1]
[1]Institut de recherche d'Hydro-Québec, Shawinigan, QC, Canada

This work presents the results of a 3D numerical magneto-hydrodynamic (MHD) simulation of an electromagnetic DC pump for liquid metal using a rectangular metal flow channel subjected to an externally imposed transversal inhomogeneous magnetic field. In this study. 3D numerical simulation based on the finite element method was carried out using the computer package COMSOL Multiphysics 3.5a. The ...

Parametric Study of Electrolyte-Supported Planar Button Solid Oxide Fuel Cell

A. Aman[1], R. Gentile[1], Y. Xu[1], N. Orlovskaya[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical, Materials and Aerospace Engineering, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, USA

Fuel cells are devices that convert chemical energy of a fuel into electrical energy through electrochemical processes. One of the types of fuel cell is the Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) that uses solid ceramics for electrolytes. Numerical simulation involves constructing a mathematical model of the SOFC and use of specifically designed software programs that allows the user to manipulate the ...

Multiphase Transport with Large Deformations Undergoing Rubbery-Glassy Phase Transition: Applications to Drying

T. Gulati[1], A. Datta[1]
[1]Department of Biological and Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

Drying of biomaterials such as foodstuffs involves mass, momentum and energy transport along with large shrinkage of the porous material, which have significant effects on their final quality. Foodstuffs exhibit non-linearity when undergoing large deformations that affect the transport process in a critical way. Thus, it becomes important to perform a two-way coupling of the multiphase transport ...

Low Pt Cathodes for High Performance PEMFCs: Modeling and Experiments

F. Daouda[1], J. Hamelin[1], P. Benard[1], S. Kumar Natarajan [1]
[1]Insitut de recherche sur l'hydrogène, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada

We present a novel multi-layered electrode fabrication technique for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs). This method consists of alternate layers of Pt deposition (0.05 mg/cm²) by sputtering on the painted multi-walled carbon-Nafion layer (CNL) with larger concentration of catalyst particles closer to the membrane. Parametric models were developed and validated by experimental ...

Using COMSOL to Estimate the Heat Losses of Composite Panels Undergoing Repairs Using Bayesian Inference

A. Emery[1]
[1]University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA

Composite repairs involve applying a prescribed heat flux which must be adjusted to account for heat losses. These losses must be estimated. Parameter estimation requires a knowledge of sensitivities. This is often done using finite differences. As shown in the figure, substantial errors often occur. The paper describes the use of the PDE features of COMSOL to obtain much more accurate values by ...

Development of the Service Frame for SBS Tracker GEM and TENDIGEM Development

F. Noto[1], E. Cisbani[2], F. Librizzi[1], F. Mammoliti[3], C.M. Sutera[1]
[1]Istituto Nazionale Fisica Nucleare - Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy; Dipartimento di Fisica ed Astronomia, Università di Catania, Catania, Italy
[2]Istituto Nazionale Fisica Nucleare - Sezione di Roma, Roma, Italy; Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Roma, Italy
[3]Istituto Nazionale Fisica Nucleare - Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy; Dipartimento di Fisica ed Astronomia, Università di Catania, Catania, Italy

The Gas Electron Multiplier (GEM) technology has been proven to tolerate rate larger than 50 MHz/cm² without noticeable aging and to provide the sub-millimeter resolution on working chambers up to 45x45 cm² [1]. A new GEM tracker is under development for the upgrade of the SBS spectrometer in Hall A at Jefferson Lab. The chambers of the tracker have been designed in a modular way: each chamber ...

Development and Production of a Box for Storage and Shipping of HDIs in the Upgrade of the CMS Experiment

F. Noto[1], S. Costa[2], N. Giudice[2], F. Librizzi[3], A. Rapicavoli[2], M.A. Saizu[4], V. Sparti[3]
[1]Instituto Nazionale Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy; Dipartimento di Fisica ed Astronomia, Università di Catania, Catania, Italy
[2] Dipartimento di Fisica ed Astronomia, Instituto Nazionale Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy; Università di Catania, Catania, Italy
[3]Instituto Nazionale Fisica Nucleare - Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy
[4]Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Bucharest-Magurele, Romania

The Large Hadron Collider at CERN has begun operations at 7 TeV center of mass energy. CERN plans to run at this energy until the end of 2012 with the goal of providing an integrated luminosity of a few fb?¹ to the CMS and ATLAS experiments. The LHC will then shut down for 1.5 to 2 years to make the revisions necessary to run at ~14 TeV. Operation resumes in 2014. In 2017/18, there will be ...

Earth Pressure as a Boundary Condition to Bridge Piers and Abutments

M. Quinn[1], D. Whitlow[1], O.D.S. Taylor[1], M.H. McKenna[1]
[1] Engineer Resource and Development Center, United States Army Corps of Engineers, Vicksburg, MS, USA

Bridge piers and abutments makeup the bridge substructure and transmit loads from the superstructure to the bridge foundation material (Figure 1). The bridge abutment serves three purposes: to provide vertical support to the bridge superstructure where the bridge ends, to connect the bridge with the approach roadway, and to retain roadway base materials. There are several types of abutment ...

Surface Plasmon Resonance

J. Crompton[1], S. Yushanov[1], L.T. Gritter[1], K.C. Koppenhoefer[1]
[1]AltaSim Technologies, Columbus, OH, USA

The resonance conditions for surface plasmons are influenced by the type and amount of material on a surface. Full insight into surface plasmon resonance requires quantum mechanics considerations. However, it can be also described in terms of classical electromagnetic theory by considering electromagnetic wave reflection, transmission, and absorption for the multi-layer medium. The two commonly ...

Natural Convection Driven Melting of Phase Change Material: Comparison of Two Methods

D. Groulx[1], F. Samara[1], P.H. Biwole[2]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
[2]Department of Mathematics and Interactions, University of Nice Sophia-Antipolis, Nice, France

Design of latent heat energy storage systems (LHESS) requires knowledge of heat transfer processes within them, as well as the phase change behavior of the phase change material (PCM) use. COMSOL Multiphysics can be used to model (LHESS). Natural convection plays a crucial role during the charging phase of the LHESS, and methods to incorporate this heat transfer mode within COMSOL simulation ...