A. Nyman, M. Behm, and G. Lindbergh
Applied Electrochemistry, School of Chemical Science and Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology Stockholm, Sweden
Modeling of mass transport is an important step in evaluating lithium-ion battery electrolytes and understanding cell performance. For high-power applications, concentration gradients in the electrolyte lead to limiting currents, which limit the power-density of the battery. The model has been used for determining a complete set of transport and thermodynamic properties for LiPF6 dissolved in an ...
K. Song, and H. Knickle
Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Rhode Island, Kingston Rhode Island, USA
In this paper we present a study of the time dependent analysis of a metal hydride bed (MHB) which provides constant flow to a fuel cell at required power loading and pressure. The hydrogen gas phase pressure, the hydrogen concentration in the metal hydride and the hydrogen desorption rate are consider as key variables in this study. Both the space scale and time scale analysis are performed. ...
G. Ganzer, W. Beckert, T. Pfeifer, and A. Michaelis
The high thermal stability and fast start-up behavior make micro-tubular solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) a promising alternative for small-scale, mobile power devices in the range of some Watts. To understand the transport phenomena inside a single micro-tubular SOFC, a 2-D, axi-symmetric, non-isothermal model, performed in COMSOL Multiphysics® 4.2, has been developed. Due to long current path ...
G. C. Bandlamudi[1,2], C. Siegel, C. Heßke, and A. Heinzel[1,2]
ZBT Duisburg, Duisburg, Germany
University of Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg, Germany
High temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (HT PEMFCs) are very promising technologies when used in combined cooling and heating power (CCHP) systems. They are operated at 160°C, offering the possibility of high tolerance to fuel impurities and a possibility to use the heat generated for cooling and heating purposes, leading to higher total system efficiency. Employing a 24 ...
Kinetic Investigation of a Mechanism for Generating Microstructures on Polycrystalline Substrates Using an Electroplating Process
T. Soares, H. Mozaffari, H. Reinecke
Universität Freiburg, Freiburg im Breisgau, BW, Germany
Hochschule Furtwangen, Tuttlingen, BW, Germany
The purpose of this study is to understand the growth mechanism of copper (Cu) films on a Cu-Zn system substrate with a pre-defined pattern. The pattern was defined by conducting a selective etching process on a two-phase polycrystalline substrate. As a result of this process, there were etched regions correspondent to beta-phase crystals and quasi non-etched regions that belong to alpha-phase ...
R. Coker, J. Mansell
NASA - Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, USA
We have started constructing preliminary design COMSOL models of a bacteriologically driven \'fuel cell\' that is intended to process waste products, such as carbon dioxide and brine, from a crewed vehicle. At this early stage, this complex system is reduced to two electrodes separated by a membrane. The electrolyte is a brine appropriate for growing methanogenic bateria, though none are ...
Evaluation of Performance of Enzymatic Biofuel Cells with Microelectrode Arrays Inside a Blood Artery via Finite Element Approach
C. Wang, Y. Song
Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA
Enzymatic biofuel cells (EBFCs) are considered as a promising candidate for powering miniature implantable devices. In order to predict the performance in the human blood artery, we simulated a 3D EBFC chip with highly dense micro-electrode arrays. In this simulation using COMSOL Multiphysics®, we applied the 1) Michaelis Menten equation; 2) Nernst potential equation; 3) Navier Strokes velocity, ...
F. Tariq, V. Yufit, M. Marinescu, G. Cui, M. Kishimoto, N. Brandon
Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC) and Li-ion batteries (LIB) are electrochemical devices where performance is dependent on reactions inside porous electrode microstructures. Here we use tomographic techniques to probe 3D electrode structures (anodes and cathodes) at micro-nanometer length scales. Subsequently, micro/nano structural changes in electrodes are characterized and quantified. Utilizing ...
Numerical Simulation of Carbon Steel Corrosion Exposed to Flowing NaCl Solutions Through an Annular Duct - new
A. Soliz, K. Mayrhofer, L. Caceres
Department of Interface Chemistry & Surface Engineering, Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung, Düsseldorf, Germany
Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Antofagasta, Antofagasta, Chile
A three-dimensional mathematical model under stationary conditions have been established to understand the corrosion of carbon steel cylindrical samples immersed in flowing NaCl solution through an annular duct. The migration, diffusion and convection mass transfer mechanisms were solved using the Nernst–Planck equation coupled to the Navier-Stokes equation. A corrosion model based on the mixed ...
R. Purkayastha, R. McMeeking
Cambridge University, Cambridge, UK
University of California, Santa Barbara, CA, USA
Due to computational considerations most models of lithium storage particles in batteries incorporate spherical particles. However most storage particles used in battery electrodes tend to be irregular in shape with sharp edges and extended aspect ratios. The change of the relative surface area to the volume of the particle can lead to a change in the stress response of the particle for the same ...