A. Fouchard , S. Bonnet , L. Hervé , O. David ,
 University Grenoble Alpes, CEA, LETI, MINATEC Campus, Grenoble, France
 Univesité Joseph Fourier, Grenoble Institute of Neuroscience, La Tronche, France
An implementation of the Electrical Impedance Tomography (EIT) forward problem in a generalist FEM package is presented. It fulfils the complete electrode model boundary conditions, combining current injection with contact impedance on a single boundary. Our implementation is benchmarked with the EIDORS FEM library. The Comsol Multiphysics environment proves consistent and provides a flexible ...
J. F. Hansen ,
 Thoratec Corporation, CA, USA
When an electronic device is worn for extended periods, possibly in direct contact with human skin, heat must be safely transferred away from the device, without exceeding standards and regulatory temperature limits on the skin and on the exposed surfaces of the device. Heat transfer is dominated by convective heat transfer to the surrounding air (possibly trapped air under clothing), and by ...
Numerical Study on Mechanical Properties of Stents with Different Materials during Stent Deployment with Balloon Expansion.
P. Ghosh, K. DasGupta, D. Nag, and A. Chanda
School of Bio Science & Engineering, Jadavpur University, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
Mechanical Engineering Department, Jadavpur University, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
The main reason for stent implantation is to provide mechanical support to the arterial wall. So it is important to consider the different mechanical properties of different stent materials while studying the stent implant’s efficacy. The present study gives a comparative overview of mechanical aspects of different stent materials which are most commonly used in angioplasty. Deformation ...
G. Mach , C. Sherif , U. Windberger , A. Gruber ,
 Vienna University of Technology, Cerebrovascular Research Group Vienna, Vienna, Austria
 Hospital Rudolfstiftung, Cerebrovascular Research Group Vienna, Vienna, Austria
 Medical University Vienna, Cerebrovascular Research Group Vienna, Vienna, Austria
Usually, when calculating the blood flow in cerebral arteries and intracranial aneurysms, blood is modeled as a Newtonian fluid, neglecting its shear-thinning behavior. Since flow diverting devices slow down the blood flow in the aneurysm sack, the accuracy of this assumption had to be reviewed. A Carreau Yasuda model is introduced as a non-Newtonian model for blood viscosity. CFD simulations of ...
S. Kirigeeganage , J. Naber , D. Jackson , R. Keynton , T. Roussel ,
 University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, USA
This paper utilizes COMSOL Multiphysics® software and the Application Builder to simulate neurological responses in nerve axons due to external electrical stimuli. The AC/DC Module of the COMSOL® software is first used to solve the Maxwell's equations. Then the results from the Maxwell's equations are used to drive a second model constructed using global equations using the Global ODE and DAE ...
P. Pattnaik, S. K. Kamilla , Debi Prasad Das
MEMS Design Center, Institute of Technical Education & Research (ITER),Siksha ‘O’ Anushandhan University, Bhubaneswar-751030, Odisha,India
Process Engineering and Instrumentation Cell,Institute of Minerals and Materials Technology (IMMT),Bhubaneswar, Odisha,India
To prevent further complications in diabetes, proper management of blood glucose levels is essential. By using ultrasonic transceivers (both transmit and receive) the glucose level of human blood can be determined. By using this ultrasonic technique miniaturized sensors for non-invasive monitoring blood glucose levels. In this paper Barium Titanate (BT) thin film was used as a transmitter and ...
J. Persad , S. Rocke ,
 Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago
This work aims to investigate the behaviour of a simple interdigital sensor structure for glucose monitoring in response to distortions in the skin-topology and differences in skin undulation during use. The study then extends to consider a flexible sensor structure which is better able to contour to the skin variations. The simulation work shows that skin distortions and undulation ...
University of Miami, Miami, FL, USA
Insulin released by the beta-cells of pancreatic islets is the main regulator of glucose homeostasis, hence, insulin secretion models are of considerable interest for many possible applications. Building on our previous oxygen consumption and cell viability model for avascular islets of Langerhans, we developed an exploratory insulin secretion model that couples the hormone production rate to ...
Acoustic Field Comparison of High Intensity Focused Ultrasound Using Experimental Characterization and Finite Element Simulation
J. L. Teja, A. Vera, L. Leija
Department of Electrical Engineering, Cinvestav-IPN, Mexico D.F., Mexico
High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) is used as a noninvasive technique of tissue heating and ablation for different medical treatments. This paper presents a quantitative comparison of HIFU acoustic fields experimentally obtained versus simulated acoustic fields. Acoustic field characterization was realized in two HIFU transducers using water as a propagation medium. Also, simulations were ...
K. Cluff, L. Saeednia, H. Mehraein , R. Asmatulu
Department of Bioengineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA
Polymeric hydrogel is a promising class of drug delivery systems with the controlled release behavior in the body. In-situ forming hydrogels can be injected into the body as a fluid which forms a gel within the body tissue and improve the efficacy of the drugs. Various polymers have been used as in-situ hydrogel formulations. These polymeric formulations can form gels at body temperature while ...