Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Single Phase Flow Models in Fractal Porous Media Using a Fractal Continuum Mechanics Approach

E. Linares-Pérez [1], M. Díaz-Viera [1, 2],
[1] Instituto de Geofísica, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Coyoacán, DF, México
[2] Instituto Mexicano del Petróleo, Ciudad de México, DF, México

The primary motivation of this work was to develop flow models in porous media with fractal properties to represent the anomalous behavior observed in some pressure tests in naturally fractured reservoirs.

Preliminary Study of Particle Trajectory and Secondary Flow in Bend Configurations to Reduce Erosion

O. Ayala [1], A. Arruda [2], L. Calembo [2], E. Enes [2], D. Monteiro [2], R. Paizante [2], A. Rocha [2], M. Simões [2], J. Michaeli [1],
[1] Department of Engineering Technology, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA, USA
[2] Brazil Scientific Mobility Program, CAPES, Brasilia, DF, Brazil

To the best of our knowledge, only few researchers have made attempts to minimize the erosion in bends by modifying the bend configuration in order to alter the particle-laden flow pattern to reduce the erosion. In this work, we revisited those previously proposed bend configurations to reduce erosion, in additional to two of our own design. We found that secondary flows play an important role ...

Transient Model of a Fluorine Electrolysis Cell

J. Vukasin [1], I. Crassous [1], B. Morel [1], J. Sanchez-Marcano [2], P. Namy [3]
[1] HRP, AREVA NC, France
[2] Institut Européen des Membranes - CNRS, France
[3] Simtec, France

In the nuclear fuel cycle, fluorine is produced by the electrolysis of the molten salt KF-2HF. It is a complex process to study since hydrofluoric acid and fluorine are hazardous and highly corrosive. A 3D-model of a lab-scale fluorine electrolysis cell has been developed to increase our understanding of this process, using the electric currents and the bubbly flow interfaces to simulate the ...

Development of a RheoDSC, an Instrument for Simultaneous Rheological and Calorimetric Measurements

L. Van Lokeren [1], R. Verhelle [1], C. Block [1], P. Van Puyvelde [2], G. Van Assche [1]
[1] Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium
[2] Catholic University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium

Transformations in polymers, such as polymerisation, melting/crystallization, and phase separation/remixing, are associated with changes in both rheological and thermal properties. To permit simultaneous calorimetric and rheometric measurements, the RheoDSC was developed. The RheoDSC combines two commercial instruments, a TA Instruments Q2000 DSC and a TA Instruments AR-G2 dynamic rheometer. A ...

Aerothermal Simulation of a Refrigerated Truck Under Open/Closed-Door Cycles

P. Namy [1], A. Oury [1], M. Youbi-Idrissi [2],
[1] SIMTEC, Grenoble, France
[2] AIR LIQUIDE, Jouy en Josas, France

Heat transfer inside a refrigerated truck is a key phenomenon that governs the temperature inside the truck and the regulation of the cooling system. Up to now, a lot of experimental studies ([Tso et al., 02]) have been carried out to assess the effect of opening the door and to minimize the external heat transfer with fan air curtain. Together with AIR LIQUIDE, the world leader in gases, ...

Modelling Thermal Time-of-Flight Sensor for Flow Velocity Measurement

O. Ecin[1], E. Engelien[2], M. Malek[2], R. Viga[2], B. Hosticka[1], and A. Grabmaier[2]

[1]Institut of Mikroelektronische Systeme, University Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg, Germany
[2]Institut of Elektronische Bauelemente und Schaltungen, University Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg, Germany

This communication reports on a numeric fluid dynamics simulation on a pipe flow model. The basic background is to determine the velocity of a flowing fluid in a pipe by using the Thermal Time-Of-Flight (TTOF) method on water. The visualization of the temperature and velocity distribution in the pipe model is being carried out in order to enable proper design and optimization of the TTOF sensor. ...

Performance Evaluation of the 19th Century Clipper Ship Cutty Sark: A Comparative Study - new

C. Tonry[1], M. Patel[1], C. Bailey[1], W. Davies[1], J. Harrap[1], E. Kentley[1], P. Mason[1]
[1]University of Greenwich, London, UK

The Cutty Sark, built in 1869 in Dumbarton, is the last intact composite tea clipper ship [1]. One of the last tea clippers built she took part in the tea races back from China. These races caught the public imagination of the day and were widely reported in newspapers [2]. They developed from a desire for ‘fresh’ tea and the first ship to return with the new season’s tea could charge a higher ...

Control the Poly-Dispersed Droplet Breakup Mode in a Droplet-based Microfluidic Device by External Electric Field

Y. Li [1], K. Nandakumar [1], M. Jain [1],
[1] Cain Department of Chemical Engineering, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, USA

Droplet–based microfluidics has received special research attentions in last two decades due to its superior control over fluid flow as well as other unique advantages[1]. By introducing two immiscible fluids into microfluidic systems, the reagent fluid is encapsulated inside discrete droplets or slugs of nanoliter volume [2]. Interestingly, two breakup modes, termed as “mono-dispersed” and ...

Design of Cooling System for Electronic Devices Using Impinging Jets

P. Lin[1], C. Chang[2], H. Huang[3], and B. Zheng[4]
[1]Mechanical and Aerospace Eng., Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, NJ
[2]FTR Systems (Shanghai) Inc., Shanghai, China
[3]PolarOnyx, Inc., San Jose, CA
[4]School of Mechatronics Eng., University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, China

The heat sink designs using impinging liquid jets, which form stagnation flows, feature uniform heat transfer coefficients, and provide thin thermal boundary layers, are studied to reduce the heat from GPUs. Three different designs using central, micro, and uniform-cross-section (UCS) central jets are studied and simulated in COMSOL. The efficiency factors, defined as the ratio of total ...

Multiphysics Simulations of Granular Sludge on the Optimization of Effluent Treatment Plant

S. Gunsekaran [1], R. C. Thiagarajan[1]
[1]ATOA Scientific Technologies Private Limited, Bangalore, India

Multiphysics Simulations of Physico-chemical and Biological Treatment of wastewater is increasing due to the demand for cost efficient plant design and utilization. Among the many processes, a thorough understanding of the settling behavior of an activated granular sludge in the secondary settler of an Effluent Treatment Plant (ETP) is critical for the plant designers to determine the efficiency ...