H.A. Akhlaghi Amiri, A.A. Hamouda
University of Stavanger, Stavanger, Rogaland, Norway
This paper addresses one of the major challenges in water-flooded oil reservoirs, which is early water breakthrough due to the presence of high permeable layers in the media. COMSOL Multiphysics is used to model two phase (water and oil) flow in dual-permeability porous medium at micro-scales. The heat transfer module is coupled with the laminar two-phase flow interface, because temperature ...
Numerical Modeling and Performance Optimization Study of a Dehumidification Process in Nuclear Waste Storage
Sogin Spa, Rome, Italy
One of the main parameters to consider during the nuclear waste storage design phase is the drum corrosion risk. The humid-air corrosion models available in literature predict that, for carbon steel, the phenomena start to become appreciable for relative humidity (RH) values close to 65%. In general, the corrosion rate increases exponentially with relative humidity above the RH threshold. To ...
S. Kaim, B. Anderson, G. Venus, J. Lumeau, V. Smirnov, B. Zeldovich, L. Glebov
CREOL, The College of Optics and Photonics, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, USA
OptiGrate Corp, Oviedo, FL, USA
Forced airflow cooling of a Volume Bragg Grating heated by a laser beam was investigated by means of simulation with COMSOL Multiphysics®. In addition to air cooling of unrestricted airflow, a case of airflow directed by limiting glass plates was investigated. A number of temperature distributions and thermal deformations were obtained in simulations for different rates of airflows. Simulations ...
Modeling Bioelectrochemical Systems for Waste Water Treatment and Bioenergy Recovery with COMSOL Multiphysics®
T. Oyetunde, D. Ofiteru, J. Rodriguez
Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
Most conventional wastewater treatment processes are quite energy-intensive. Global wastewater production is increasing due to growth in population, industrialization, and urbanization, creating an urgent need for energy-efficient wastewater treatment technologies. Moreover, waste streams (industrial and domestic) have drawn renewed interest as resources for water, energy, and product recovery. ...
Priyanshu Goyal, I. Thangamani, V. Verma, V.M. Shanware, R. K. Singh
Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, India
In a nuclear reactor, the containment is the last barrier for the release of radioactivity during severe accident conditions. Containment material can be concrete or steel or steel-lined concrete. Steel containments have a high load bearing capacity and a high degree of leak tightness at higher pressures. In case of a severe accident, heat can be removed from the containment by a guide panel, ...
Hydro-Mechanical Modelling of Infiltration Test for a Bentonite-Sand Mixture: Model Verification and Parameter Identification
M. Hasal, R. Hrtus, Z. Michalec, R. Blaheta
Institute of Geonics AS CR, Ostrava, Czech Republic
The first aim of our work is to create a hydro-mechanical model (HM) of unsaturated fluid flow in bentonite-sand mixture (BSM) MX-80. The second aim is to validate and calibrate the developed model by using the data from a laboratory infiltration test of BSM. The used multi-physics model combines Richards type unsaturated flow with diffusive vapour flow and (nonlinear) elastic response of the ...
University of Minnesota-Duluth, Duluth, MN, USA
Significant submarine mineral deposits form when hot, metal-laden, saline fluids emerge onto the seafloor and mix with ambient seawater. Resulting density changes of fluid mixtures can trigger fluid buoyancy reversals, brine pool formation, and metal accumulation (Figure 1). While some of these processes are known from experiments, the inception, development, and physical-chemical processes ...
A COMSOL Multiphysics® Software Analysis of Beam Tube Cooling in the High Flux Isotope Reactor of ORNL
J. D. Freels ,
 Research Reactors Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA
Previous to the present work, a formal calculation was approved [1,2] to support the operation of the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) Horizontal Beam-Tube 1 of 4 (HB-1). The present calculation [3,4] repeats the previous work using COMSOL Multiphysics® software and extends the analysis to cover a broader range of coolant flow. In addition, this new calculation expands the analysis much further ...
K.C. Koppenhoefer, S.Y. Yushanov, L.T. Gritter, J.S. Crompton, and R.O. Edwards
AltaSim Technologies LLC, Columbus, OH, USA
Cummins Fuel Systems, Columbus, IN, USA
Reynolds equation is used to analyze fluid flow through small gaps. As such, the solution of Reynolds equation provides critical information for a wide range of tribological problems. In any case where a lubricant resides between two moving surfaces, the Reynolds equation can be used to solve for the flow. In the case considered in this paper, lubricant flows between a piston and housing forced ...
Coupling Heat Transfer in Heat Pipe Arrays with Subsurface Porous Media Flow for Long Time Predictions of Solar Rechargeable Geothermal Systems
P. Oberdorfer, R. Hu, M. Azizur Rahman, E. Holzbecher, M. Sauter, P. Pärisch
Applied Geology, Geoscience Centre, University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany
Institute for Solar Energy Research Hameln/Emmerthal (ISFH), Emmerthal, Germany
An increased share of renewable energies is regarded as an integral part of a strategy towards a sustainable future. With regard to the heat supply sector this may be achieved using solar thermal collectors or heat pump systems with borehole heat exchangers. During the last years solar thermal and geothermal systems have generally been installed separately. Now, several proposals are discussed ...