Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Short-Term Behavior and Steady-State Value of BHE Thermal Resistance

S. Lazzari[1], A. Priarone[2],
[1]DIN, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
[2]DIME-TEC, University of Genova, Genova, Italy

The transient behavior of the thermal resistance of single and double U-tube borehole heat exchangers (BHEs) is investigated numerically by means of COMSOL Multiphysics® software with reference to the 2D cross section of usually employed BHEs. The study is performed in a dimensionless parametrical form, the parameters being the ratio between the thermal conductivities of grout and ground, the ...

Carbon Foam Filled with Phase Change Materials for Passive Temperature Management

Espinoza Vallejos, P.A., Duston, C.
Technology Assessment and Transfer

FEMLAB was used to aid in the design of a novel temperature management system. The system under consideration is a heat sink consisting of a carbon foam block brazed to the inside of an aluminum enclosure. The high thermal conductivity carbon foam is structurally reinforced and filled with a phase change material. A phase change material (PCM) is a substance which releases a large amount of ...

Simulation of Heat-induced Fusing of Polymer Toner

Hoffmann, R.
Océ Printing Systems GmbH, Poing

The electrophotographic print process uses polymer toner particles to create the desired print image on the paper. After depositing the particles on the paper, the particle layer has to be heated beyond the glass point of the polymer to create a homogeneous layer. This fusing process is one of the most energy-consuming parts of the whole print process. It is therefore imperative to limit the ...

Effects of the Film Thickness on the Transient Conjugate Opticalthermal Fields in Thin Films Irradiated by Moving Sources in Back and Front Treatments

N. Bianco[1], O. Manca[2], S.Nardini[2], and D. Ricci[2]

[1]DETEC, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Napoli, Italy
[2]DIAM, Seconda Università degli Studi di Napoli, Aversa, CE, Italy

A two dimensional transient analysis of the conjugate optical-thermal fields induced in a multilayer thin film structure by a moving Gaussian laser source is carried out numerically in order to compare back and front laser treatment processes. Thermal and optical nonlinearity is induced during transient heating, since the response of weakly absorbing thin films depends on temperature. The heat ...

Negative Thermal Expansion Materials: Thermal Stress and Implications for Composite Materials

M.J. Jakubinek[1,2], C.A. Whitman[2,3], and M.A. White[1,2,3]
[1]Department of Physics and Atmospheric Science, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
[2]Institute for Research in Materials, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
[3]Department of Chemistry, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada

There is considerable interest in the possibility of combining NTE materials with normal (positive) thermal expansion materials, to reduce the potential of failure of a material or component due to thermal stress fracture. Finite element analysis (FEM) is used to explore the overall expansion and thermal stress in composites.

Improved Temperature Standards Using COMSOL Multiphysics

J.V. Pearce
National Physical Laboratory, Teddington, Middlesex

This paper describes the use of COMSOL Multiphysics to evaluate the propagation of the liquid-solid interface in fixed point crucibles, and the resulting temperature distribution throughout the system as the phase transition progresses. This enables a robust identification of the features of the melting curve corresponding to physical phenomena such as the liquidus point, and also enhances the ...

Control Synthesis for Distributed Parameter Systems Modeled by FEM in COMSOL Multiphysics

C. Belavý, G. Hulkó, P. Buček, and S. Lel'o
Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Bratislava, Slovakia

Technological processes in the engineering practice from point of view of systems and control theory are frequently in the form of distributed parameter systems (DPS). Techniques of FEM based modeling and design of control synthesis methods of DPS which is acceptable for various technological processes, will be demonstrated on modeling and control of temperature fields of the glass melting ...

Homogeneous and Inhomogeneous Model for Flow and Heat Transfer in Porous Materials as High Temperature Solar Air Receivers

O. Smirnova, T. Fend, P. Schwaryboezl, and D. Schoellgen
German Aerospace Center, Institute of Technical Thermodynamics, Koeln, Germany

Results of simulations on flow and heat transfer in a porous Silicon Carbide honeycomb structure applied as a solar air receiver are presented. In this application porous materials are put in concentrated solar radiation. Flux densities of up to 1000 MW/m² are reached. Simultanously, ambient air flows through the material to be heated up to temperatures of app. 800°C. This hot air is then used ...

Modeling the Heat Treatment of a Starch Suspension inside a Tubular Heat Exchanger

A. Plana-Fattori[1,2], E. Chantoiseau[1,2], C. Doursat[1,2], and D. Flick[1,2]
[1]AgroParisTech, Massy, France
[2]INRA, Massy, France

Many liquid food processes involve coupled phenomena of fluid flow, heat transfer and product transformation. A typical example is the heat treatment of a starch suspension inside a tubular heat exchanger. Fluid flow influences heat transfer which determines temperature evolution along fluid trajectories. Temperature locally influences the food product transformation. The latter influences ...

La5Ca9Cu24O41 Layers as 1D Heat Spreaders for Thermal Management Solutions

C. Orfanidou, and J. Giapintzakis
Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering
University of Cyprus
Nicosia, Cyprus

This paper deals with the design of a viable thermal management solution using La5Ca9Cu24O41 layers for heat channeling. The simulations are carried out with the finite element method using COMSOL Multiphysics Heat Transfer Module. COMSOL 4.2 was used to model and optimize silicon devices. Malfunctioning elements on silicon devices are sometimes converted into hotspots resulting in the ...

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