Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Geometrical Optimization of Pyrophosphate Concentration in Thermosequencing Platform for DNA Sequencing

H. Esfandyarpour1,2, B. Zheng1, R. F. W. Pease1, and R. W. Davis2
1Center for Integrated Systems, Department of Electrical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
2Stanford Genome Technology Center, Stanford, CA, USA

For the past three decades, Sanger’s method has been the primary DNA sequencing technology; however, inherent limitations in cost and complexity have limited its usage in personalized medicine and ecological studies. A new technology called “Thermosequencing” can potentially reduce both the cost and complexity of DNA sequencing by using a microfluidic platform. To optimize the efficiency of ...

Numerical Simulation of Crystallinity Distribution Developed In the Extrusion of Thick Walled Polypropylene Pipe

R. D. Wilcox1, and J. Collier2
1Chemistry Department, Lincoln Memorial University, Harrogate, TN, USA
2Chemical Engineering Department, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL, USA

In a numerical simulation for crystallinity distribution, a 36 cm diameter polypropylene pipe with 3.7 cm wall thickness consisting of 3 subdomains that include a die, cooling box, and take-off section was modeled in a 2D axisymmetric geometry using COMSOL Multiphysics.The generalized heat transfer module was used to solve for the temperature distribution in the flowing melt using conductive and ...

Hybrid Finite Element-Finite Volume Algorithm for Solving Transient Multi-Scale Non-Linear Fluid-Structure Interaction during Operation of a Hydraulic Seal

A. Thatte, and R. Salant
Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, USA

This paper presents a hybrid finite element – finite volume algorithm for solving multi-scale fluid-structure interaction during transient operation of a hydraulic rod seal. The elasto-hydrodynamic model consists of several micro-scale and macro-scale analyses types, all incorporated in a single hybrid iterative computational framework to solve these highly coupled nonlinear multiphysics ...

Hemodynamic Therapy of Middle Cerebral Artery Vasospasm Guided by a Multiphase Model of Oxygen Transport

S. Conrad[1,2], P. Chittiboina[3], and B. Guthikonda[3]

[1]Department of Bioinformatics and Computational Biology, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Shreveport, LA, USA
[2]Department of Biomedical Engineering, Louisiana Tech University, Ruston, LA, USA
[3]Department of Neurosurgery, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Shreveport, LA, USA

Cerebral vasospasm is a complication of subarachnoid hemorrhage and other neurosurgical emergencies that reduce blood flow to the brain. Part of the approach to management of vasospasm is to improve flow through the stenotic areas by reducing by decreasing blood viscosity and enhancing flow through the stenosis. To examine the interaction of these factors, we applied computational fluid dynamics ...

Space-time Formulation for Finite-Element Modeling of Superconductors

F. Grilli[1], F. Sirois[1], M. Laforest[1], and S. Ashworth[2]

[1]Ecole Polytechnique de Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada
[2]Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, USA

In this paper we present a new model for computing the current density and field distributions in superconductors by means of a periodic space-time formulation for finite elements (FE). By considering a space dimension as time, we can use a static model to solve a time dependent problem. This allows overcoming one of the major problems of FE modeling of superconductors: the length of simulations, ...

A Finite Element Analysis on the Modeling of Heat Release Rate, as Assessed by a Cone Calorimeter, of Char Forming Polycarbonate

D. Statler[1], and R. Gupta[2]
[1]Mid-Atlantic Technology, Research and Innovation Center, South Charleston, WV, USA
[2]Department of Chemical Engineering, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA

During the pyrolysis and combustion of polymers, heat is released and is typically measured with a cone calorimeter to better assess the polymer’s flammability. Modeling heat release rate, as assessed by cone calorimetry, has not been extensively studied for char-forming polymers, such as, polycarbonate. Here we determine the heat release rate with the help of a one-dimensional transient finite ...

Shape, Convection and Convergence

R. Pryor
Pryor Knowledge Systems, Inc., Bloomfield Hills, MI, USA

COMSOL Multiphysics software, when properly configured, can readily solve modeling problems in the laminar flow regime using the standard Navier-Stokes equations or in the fully turbulent flow regime using the kappa-epsilon model. Failure to solve a particular model is typically manifested by instability in the calculation and a failure of the model to converge. This paper presents a new approach ...

Validation of Measurement Strategies and Anisotropic Models Used in Electrical Reconstructions

R. Sadleir
Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA

We are developing approximations of electrically anisotropic materials for use in novel imaging methods. Our modeling work in COMSOL comprises comparisons of anisotropic and layered models in terms of electrical conductivities measured using different strategies. We tested solution stability in one anisotropic case by varying mesh anisotropy. In our case, good approximations to the true ...

Computation of Three-Dimensional Electromagnetic Fields for an Augmented Reality Environment

A. Buchau, and W. Rucker
Institut für Theorie der Elektrotechnik, Universität Stuttgart, Germany

Augmented reality is predestined for visualization of electromagnetic fields in air or inside transparent matter. Real existing objects are studied and invisible electromagnetic fields are added as virtual objects. Hence, experts as well as students are able to connect electromagnetic fields easily with studied objects. They can concentrate on physical effects instead on reading figures. Here, an ...

Validation of the Acoustic Finite Element Model of a Very Light Jet Cavity Mock-up

F. Teuma Tsafack, K. Kochan, T. Kletschkowski, and D. Sachau
Helmut Schmidt University/ University of the Federal Armed Forces Hamburg, Germany

This paper presents an important step in developing a combined active noise- and audio system for a light jet. To prepare its installation both a wooden mock-up and a finite element model of the investigated cavity were created. Sensitivity analysis and key parameters selection were done in order to validate the model. Error analysis between measured and computed data closes the ...

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