A Finite Element Analysis on the Modeling of Heat Release Rate, as Assessed by a Cone Calorimeter, of Char Forming Polycarbonate
D. Statler, and R. Gupta
Mid-Atlantic Technology, Research and Innovation Center, South Charleston, WV, USA
Department of Chemical Engineering, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA
During the pyrolysis and combustion of polymers, heat is released and is typically measured with a cone calorimeter to better assess the polymer’s flammability. Modeling heat release rate, as assessed by cone calorimetry, has not been extensively studied for char-forming polymers, such as, polycarbonate. Here we determine the heat release rate with the help of a one-dimensional transient finite ...
A. Freni, and F. Cipiti
CNR- Institute for Advanced Energy Technologies “Nicola Giordano”, Messina, Italy
In this paper, a 3D dynamic simulation for a portion of a metal hydride-based (LaNi5) hydrogen storage tank is presented. The model is based on heat and mass balances and considers coupled heat and mass transfer resistance through a non-uniform pressure and temperature sorbent bed. The governing equations were implemented and solved using the COMSOL Multiphysics software package. The simulation ...
I. Sgura, F. Zarcone, and B. Bozzini
Dipartimento di Matematica, Università del Salento, Lecce, Italy
Brindisi Fuel Cell Durability Laboratory, Facoltà di Ingegneria Industriale, Università del Salento, Brindisi, Italy
Corrosion and contact ohmic resistance of the stainless steel current collectors in molten carbonates is one of the greatest obstacles to widespread application of molten carbonate fuel cells (MCFC). We simulate the variation of material parameters values, accounting for the impact of corrosion of the metallic current collectors on the performance of the porous cathode. Furthermore, we couple a ...
Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering and Petroleum, Kuwait University, Safat, Kuwait
In this study, numerical simulations of mixing in turbulent flow, subject to a change in density, are performed. Attention is focused on the binary mixing between two streams of fluid in which a variable density step are formed due to a difference in the temperature. This binary mixing problem performed by assuming low Mach number flow. The results demonstrate the variable density effects and ...
Control of Technological and Production Processes Modeled by COMSOL Multiphysics as Distributed Parameter Systems
G. Hulkó, C. Belavý, G. Takács, and P. Zajíček
Slovak Technical University in Bratislava, Bratislava, Slovakia
COMSOL Multiphysics is widely utilized in the modeling of dynamics of technological and manufacturing processes. At the same time the investigated technological and manufacturing processes are generally described by systems of partial differential equations as distributed parameter systems. This paper presents actual possibilities of control of systems modeled by COMSOL Multiphysics as ...
S. Lefeuvre, and O. Gomonova
Eurl Creawave, Toulouse, France
Siberian State Aerospace University, Krasnoyarsk, Russia
The microwave heating and processing of heterogeneous material is usually simulated using a set of coupled PDE equations in an homogeneous medium. Nowadays it is possible to describe more accurately the process with a suitable description of the heterogeneities that is at the grain level. Many authors work with spheres (circles) to represent the grains but it is difficult to achieve an ...
I. Bodey, R. Arimilli, and J. Freels
Dept. of Mechanical, Aerospace and Biomedical Eng., The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN
Research Reactors Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN
The High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is an 85 MW, light-water moderated, research reactor that operates at low temperature and high pressure. The HFIR is presently scheduled to convert from a high enriched uranium fuel (HEU) to a low enriched uranium fuel (LEU) in 2019. Due to cost constraints, not all experiments will be repeated for the LEU fuel ...
Designers of electro-optic modulators and related devices often use separate tools to study the optical and electrical portions of the device. The flexibility of COMSOL Multiphysics makes it possible to construct unified models of EO phenomena including realistic waveguide profiles and anisotropic material properties. We demonstrate the use of the RF Module to compute both RF and optical ...
S. Ni, C. Yang Koh, S. Kooi, and E. Thomas
Institute for Soldier Nanotechnologies
Dept. of Materials Science and Eng.
Recently, the concepts of fractal geometry have been introduced into electromagnetic and plasmonic metamaterials. With their self-similarity, structures based on fractal geometry should exhibit multi-band character with high Q factors due to the scaling law. However, there exist few studies of phononic metamaterials having fractal geometry. COMSOL is used to investigate vector elastic and ...
J. Orjuela, and A. González
Dept. de Ingeniería Química Facultad de Ingeniería
Universidad de los Andes
A bidimensional and pseudo homogenous model was proposed for the study of mass transfer in the bioadsorption process of chromium VI in the S-layer of immobilized Bacillus sphaericus in a packed column. The implementation of such a model in COMSOL Multiphysics will be explained in detail and the final results presented. These include chromium concentration profiles along the column and its ...