A. Paoli, L. Seminara, D.D. Caviglia, A. Garibbo, and M. Valle
Department of Biophysical and Electronic Engineering, University of Genova, Genova, Italy
SELEX Communications S.p.A., Genova, Italy
Gas sensor arrays based on metal oxides operating at high temperature are commonly used in many application fields. They can operate on different principles and each sensor may show very different responses to the individual gases in the environment. Data coming from the array can be merged for reliable gas detection. One point which is common to the different sensors types is that the ...
A. Polit, R. Jez
ABB Corporate Research Center, Krakow, Poland
The air gap is one of the most crucial part of magnetic circuits, especially in high-power inductors. It significantly modifies the parameters of magnetic devices by increasing the saturation current, linearizing B-H curve of magnetic circuit and causing a decreasing in the inductance. Therefore the optimal selection of shape and dimensions of the air gap is very important from the design point ...
L.M. de Vries, A. Nardi, A.E. Idiart, P. Trinchero, J. Molinero, F. Vahlund, H. von Schenck
Amphos 21, Barcelona, Spain
Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management, Stockholm, Sweden
The Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Co (SKB) is responsible for final disposal of spent fuel and radioactive waste. SKB operates SFR, an underground waste repository in crystalline rock. The evolution of groundwater flow within the repository needs to be estimated considering different options for the design of the engineered barriers. The goal is to predict the effects of flow and ...
CEA Valduc, France
During the welding of tantalum with a ND: YAG pulsed laser, a deep and narrow cavity, called the keyhole, is formed. At the end of the process, surface tension forces provoke the collapse of the keyhole. For important interface deformations, gas bubbles can be trapped into the melting pool. If the solidification time is insufficient, these bubbles give birth to residual porosities. The aim of ...
A Multiscale-Multiphysics Model for Axon Pathfinding Simulation, the Example of the Olfactory System
G. Naldi, G. Aletti, P. Causin
Dipartimento di Matematica ‘F. Enriques’, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy
In the developing embryo, neurons form connections by projecting axons to appropriate target areas. The projection process includes neurite elongation, resulting from the assembly of new cytoskeletal material at the free end of the axon, a complex cascade of steering decisions, driven by biomechanical properties of the surrounding environment and by signals in it. In this work we focus on the ...
Institut de recherche d'Hydro-Québec, Shawinigan, QC, Canada
This work presents the results of a 3D numerical magneto-hydrodynamic (MHD) simulation of an electromagnetic DC pump for liquid metal using a rectangular metal flow channel subjected to an externally imposed transversal inhomogeneous magnetic field. In this study. 3D numerical simulation based on the finite element method was carried out using the computer package COMSOL Multiphysics 3.5a. The ...
N. Katte, J. Haus, J.B. Serushema, and M. Scalora
University of Dayton, Dayton, OH, USA
Charles M. Bowden Research Center, Redstone Arsenal, AL, USA
We show that diffraction can be suppressed in a one-dimensional metallodielectric stack (MDS) at visible wavelengths to achieve super-resolution imaging. In our calculations we use two popular techniques, which can be adapted to investigate the imaging properties of MDSs. The two methods are the transfer matrix method (TMM) and the Finite element method based software, COMSOL Multiphysics. The ...
Time-Resolved Optical Tomography in Preclinical Studies: Propagation of Excitation and Fluorescence Photons.
F. Nouizi, R. Chabrier, M. Torregrossa, and P. Poulet
Laboratoire d’Imagerie et de Neurosciences Cognitives, Straßbourg, France
Laboratoire des Sciences de l'Image, de l'Informatique et de la Télédétection, France
We present time-resolved methods that rely on near-infrared photons to image the optical properties and distribution of fluorescent probes in small laboratory animals. The coupled diffusion equations of excitation and fluorescence photons in highly scattering tissues were solved using the three-dimensional Finite Element Method (FEM) provided by COMSOL. The computed results allowed to yield ...
Solution of Inverse Thermal Problem for Assessment of Thermal Parameters of Engineered H2 Storage Materials
I. Fedchenia, and B. van Hassel
United Technologies Research Center
East Hartford, CT
Materials based H2 storage systems for light duty vehicles need to meet challenging performance targets that have been developed by the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership. On-board reversible metal hydrides are typically integrated with heat transfer surfaces, e.g. in fin and tube heat exchangers, in order to reject the heat of H2 absorption at a high rate which is set by the refueling time ...
Investigation of the Effect of Spinal Defects on Spondylolysis and Stress Fracture of Vertebral Bodies
M.S. Yeoman, C. Quah, A. Cizinauskas, K. Cooper, D. McNally, B. Boszczyk
Continuum Blue, Tredomen, Ystrad Mynach, United Kingdom
The Centre for Spinal Studies and Surgery, Queen’s Medical Centre, Nottingham, United Kingdom
Bioengineering Research Group, Faculty of Engineering, The University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom
Spondylolysis (SL) is a defect of the spinal vertebra, and is typically caused by stress fracture of the pars interarticularis bone of the vertebral arch. It is especially common in adolescents who over train in sporting activities. Spina bifida occulta (SBO) is a malformation of the spine where the protruding vertebral bodies are not fully formed. In this study we demonstrate the predisposition ...