Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Steps for the Optimization of Pipe and Tubing Extrusion Dies

J.R. Puentes[1], T.A. Osswald[1], S. Schick[2], J. Berg[2]
[1]Polymer Engineering Center, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA
[2]TEEL Plastics, Baraboo, WI, USA

The extrusion of polyolefin pipes suffers degradation due to mechanical design problems of the extrusion die that is commonly used. This study uses numerical and computational approaches to detect problematic areas in the die geometry. Simulations show that in the conventional die there are areas of stagnation and recirculation of the melt flow, resulting in greater residence times, one of the ...

Two-Phase Flow Models of Gas Generation and Transport in Geological Formations

O. Silva [1]
[1] Amphos 21 Consulting S.L. - iMaGe Consortium, Barcelona, Spain

Gas generation and transport through porous media is a process common to many field applications such as radioactive waste and underground gas storage. In these operations, the gas phase evolution depends on the thermodynamic conditions at depth, the properties of the fluids (density, viscosity, surface tension) and the geological formation (permeability, porosity, retention curve), as well as ...

Investigation of Reverse ElectroDialysis Units by Multi-Physical Modelling

L. Gurreri [1], F. Santoro [1], G. Battaglia [1], A. Cipollina [1], A. Tamburini [1], G. Micale [1], M. Ciofalo [1],
[1] Dipartimento di Ingegneria Chimica, Gestionale, Informatica, Meccanica (DICGIM), Università degli Studi di Palermo (UNIPA), Palermo, Italy

Salinity gradient represents an interesting renewable energy source. Reverse ElectroDialysis (RED) is an ion exchange membrane-based process that convert directly the salinity gradient energy into electric current. Thereby, two solutions at different concentrations are fed into two series of alternated channels. As various physical phenomena occur in RED units and affect the process performance, ...

Modeling Proton Transport in Hydrophobic Polymeric Electrolytes

M. Andrews[1]
[1]Caribbean Industrial Research Institute, Calibration Laboratory, University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago

The Polymer Electrolyte Membrane fuel cell is one of the most promising green technologies for addressing portable, as well as transportation power needs. However, the science behind the fuel cell, in many regards, is still an enigma, and even more so, with the vast numbers of novel materials created annually; designed to offset issues related to durability, conductivity, cost- effectiveness and ...

激光熔覆过程中的传热传质研究

甘政涛 [1],
[1] 中国科学院力学研究所,北京,中国

基于 Level-Set 界面跟踪方法建立了激光熔覆过程的三维瞬态数值模型,研究了瞬态熔化和凝固过程中传热传质的演化规律。该模型使用 Level-Set 方法跟踪熔池气/液界面,采用焓-多孔度(enthalpy-porosity)方法得到了固/液界面之间的糊状区,并考虑了质量添加、材料熔化/凝固、热毛细效应(Marangoni效应)、浮力效应、活性元素质量传输等对熔池流动和界面的影响。通过该模型,具体分析了质量添加、力和界面平衡条件对熔池气/液界面的影响,以及由熔池温度/浓度分布引起的热毛细效应、金属材料的熔/凝过程和熔池流动形式对熔池固/液界面的影响。结果表明:熔池的气/液界面主要由力平衡条件决定,截面近似为圆弧型,其尺寸与单位时间的质量添加量相关。熔池的固/液形态由于熔池的表面温度梯度和表面活性元素含量共同引起的熔池流动方向和速度的变化,出现三种不同的类型,分别为下凹型(熔池内流) ...

Simulating Hydraulic Fracturing and Contaminant Transport with MATLAB® and COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

D. W. Pepper [1], E. Nabizadeh [1], J. Waters [2],
[1] University of Nevada Las Vegas, Las Vegas, NV, USA
[2] Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, USA

Hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, is a technique used to extract oil and gas in shale rock. A mixture of water, sand, and chemicals are pumped into the well at high pressures to keep the fissures open, which allows the gas to flow. Although intermediate casings are inserted into the well to prevent the fracturing fluid or oil or gas from entering the water supply at the ground water layer ...

Numerical Modeling of Subsurface CO2-Storage

E. Holzbecher [1],
[1] German University of Technology in Oman (GUtech), Halban, Oman

A model for CO2 storage is presented. It is shown that the system is highly dynamic, i.e. results depend strongly on parameter disturbances and numerical features. However, a series of scenario calculations shows that there are invariants, most important: the duration of the early convection phase with high mass transfer rates.

Modeling of Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer During a Steam-Thermolysis Process for Recycling Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer

A. Oliveira Nunes[1], Y. Soudais[1], R. Barna[1], A. Bounacer[1], Y. Yang[1]
[1]Centre RAPSODEE - Ecole des Mines d'Albi, Albi, France

Different types of technologies to recycle carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) waste have been studied, for example: pyrolysis, solvolysis and steam-thermolysis. The steam-thermolysis is a process that combines pyrolysis and superheated steam at atmospheric pressure to decompose the organic matrix of the composite. The waste is introduced into a bench-scale reactor heated at high temperatures ...

Simulation of Hydrogen Transport and Hydrogen-Induced Damage of High-Strength Steel Concepts

T. Schaffner [1], A. Hartmaier [2]
[1] ThyssenKrupp, Duisburg, Germany
[2] Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Bochum, Germany

The prediction of material damage induced by hydrogen transport mechanisms is a major challenge for the development of new steel concepts. Especially the ultra-high strength steel concepts (UHSS), like dual phase and martensitic steels, can exhibit a higher vulnerability to hydrogen induced damage. The main reason for this is the complex microstructure, including a large number of several ...

Modeling and Simulation of Hydrogen Storage Device for Fuel Cell Plant Using COMSOL Multiphysics

O. Akanji, and A. Kolesnikov
Department of Chemical & Metallurgical Engineering
Tshwane University of Technolgy
Pretoria, South Africa

In this work, a 2D dynamic simulation for a portion of metal hydride based hydrogen storage tank was performed using computational software COMSOL 4.0a Multiphysics. The software is used to simulate the diffusion and heating of hydrogen in both radial and axial directions. The model consists of a system of partial differential equations (PDE) describing two dimensional heat and mass transfer of ...