Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Large Scale Outdoor Flammable & Toxic Gas Dispersion Modelling in Industrial Environments

A. Hallgarth[1], A. Zayer[1], A. Gatward[2], and J. Davies[2]

[1]Hazard Research & Risk Consultants Ltd, Aberystwyth, Wales, United Kingdom
[2]Independent Consultants, United Kingdom

HazRes has developed a gas discharge and dispersion model in COMSOL which takes into account the effects of localized wind profiles and turbulence generated by buildings, structures and terrain on the dispersion of gases in question. The main focus of this work is to develop and provide clients with more accurate prediction methods relative to industrial standard software tools in modeling ...

Modeling and Simulation of Hydrogen Storage Device for Fuel Cell Plant Using COMSOL Multiphysics

O. Akanji, and A. Kolesnikov
Department of Chemical & Metallurgical Engineering
Tshwane University of Technolgy
Pretoria, South Africa

In this work, a 2D dynamic simulation for a portion of metal hydride based hydrogen storage tank was performed using computational software COMSOL 4.0a Multiphysics. The software is used to simulate the diffusion and heating of hydrogen in both radial and axial directions. The model consists of a system of partial differential equations (PDE) describing two dimensional heat and mass transfer of ...

Comparison of Heat and Mass Transport at the Micro-Scale

E. Holzbecher[1], S. Oehlmann[1]
[1]Georg-August Universität Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany

Phenomena of heat and mass transfer are often compared, in various porous media applications. Questions of practical interest are, for example, if tracers can be used for the prediction of heat flow, or vice versa if heat can be utilized as, possibly retarded, tracer for predicting the migration of contaminants, nutrients or other substances. Using numerical modelling in artificial porous media ...

Fresh Produce Safety During Hydrocooling: An Engineering Model - new

A. Warning[1], A. K. Datta[1]
[1]Department of Biological & Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

Hydrocooling is the process by which warm produce is chilled with water. The chilling of warm produce generates a negative pressure differential between the produce (warm) and (cold) water due to the condensation of water vapor inside the produce which forms a vacuum and can pull in contaminated water through an opening. A porous media based model of water infiltration was developed using a ...

Comparing Different Approaches for Moisture Transfer Inside Constructions with Air Gaps

L. Nespoli[1], M. Bianchi Janetti[2], F. Ochs[2]
[1]Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy
[2]University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria

A model for the conjugate simulation of heat and moisture transfer inside porous materials and fluid domains is implemented in COMSOL Multiphysics®. The results of this model are compared with those obtained through a simplified approach: the line-source approach. The models are both validated with experimental data and with numerical results from other authors. On the one hand the conjugate ...

Using Temperature Signals to Estimate Geometry Parameters in Fractured Geothermal Reservoirs

F. Maier[1], P. Oberdorfer[1], I. Kocabas[2], I. Ghergut[1], M. Sauter[1]
[1]Dpt. Applied Geology, Center of Geosciences, Georg-August-University, Göttingen, Germany
[2]Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering Department Batman, Batman University, Batman, Turkey

We compare the output of 2D single fracture models as well as analytical solutions of the problem. The temperature signal is evaluated with the heat transfer mode while the flow field is assumed to exhibit Darcy flow everywhere. The problem is time-dependent so we have to take into account a change in the boundary conditions from a Dirichlet to a Neumann condition which is activated at the time ...

Time Dependent Simulations of Thermoelectric Thin Films and Nanowires for Direct Determination of their Efficiency with COMSOL Multiphysics®

M. Muñoz Rojo[1], J. Jose Romero[1], D. Ramos[1], D. Borca-Tasciuc[2], T. Borca-Tasciuc[2], M. Martín Gonzalez[1]
[1]Instituto de Microelectrónica de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
[2]Rensselaer Polytechnique Institute, Troy, New York, USA

Thermoelectric materials are one of the most promising materials for future and nowadays energy harvesting devices, as they can convert heat into electricity and vice-versa. The efficiency of thermoelectric materials is related with the figure of merit, ZT. Our work deals with the determination of the parameters that affect the measurement of the ZT with the Harman technique and the best ...

Modeling of Wettability Alteration during Spontaneous Imbibition of Mutually Soluble Solvents in Mixed Wet Fractured Reservoirs - new

M. Chahardowli[1], H. Bruining[1]
[1]Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands

Mutually-soluble solvents can enhance oil recovery both in completely and partially water wet fractured reservoirs. When a strongly or partially water-wet matrix is surrounded by an immiscible wetting phase in the fracture, spontaneous imbibition is the most important production mechanism. Initially, the solvent moves with the imbibing brine into the core. However, upon contact with oil, as the ...

Influência das Condições Ambientais Sobre a Umidade e Temperatura em Bobinas de Cartão - new

I. Neitzel[1], R. C. F. do Nascimento[1], C. C. Bueno[1]
[1]Faculdade de Telêmaco Borba - FATEB, Telêmaco Borba, Paraná, Brasil

Neste trabalho é analisado o comportamento dos perfis de temperatura e umidade e sua penetração em bobinas de papel submetidas a longos períodos de armazenagem. O modelo considera a transferência simultânea de calor e massa com o efeito Soret, mas sem o efeito Latour. O sistema é fechado em relação à umidade e aberto em relação à energia. As propriedades térmicas são dependentes da umidade e ...

Steps for the Optimization of Pipe and Tubing Extrusion Dies

J.R. Puentes[1], T.A. Osswald[1], S. Schick[2], J. Berg[2]
[1]Polymer Engineering Center, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA
[2]TEEL Plastics, Baraboo, WI, USA

The extrusion of polyolefin pipes suffers degradation due to mechanical design problems of the extrusion die that is commonly used. This study uses numerical and computational approaches to detect problematic areas in the die geometry. Simulations show that in the conventional die there are areas of stagnation and recirculation of the melt flow, resulting in greater residence times, one of the ...