The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics® tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, structural, acoustics, fluid, heat, and chemical disciplines. You can use these examples as a starting point for your own simulation work by downloading the tutorial model or demo app file and its accompanying instructions.

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Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy

Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) is a common technique in electroanalysis. It is used to study the harmonic response of an electrochemical system. A small, sinusoidal variation is applied to the potential at the working electrode, and the resulting current is analyzed in the frequency domain. The real and imaginary components of the impedance give information about the kinetic and ...

Cyclic Voltammetry

Cyclic voltammetry is a common analytical technique for investigating electrochemical systems. In this method, the potential difference between a working electrode and a reference electrode is swept linearly in time from a start potential to a vertex potential, and back again. The current-voltage waveform, called a voltammogram, provides information about the reactivity and mass transport ...

Localized Corrosion

Galvanic corrosion between two different phases (alpha and beta phases) in a metallic (magnesium) alloy is simulated for a representative cross-sectional microstructure configuration. A key feature in the model formulation is the implementation of both anodic and cathodic regions at the electrode surface using a single boundary represented in terms of the level set function.

Cathodic Protection of Steel in Reinforced Concrete

This example models cathodic protection of a steel reinforcing bar in concrete. Three different electrochemical reactions are considered on the steel surface. Charge and oxygen transport are modeled in the concrete domain, where the electrolyte conductivity and oxygen diffusivity depend on the moisture content. The impact of different moisture levels on the corrosion currents is investigated.

Atmospheric Corrosion of a Busbar

This model simulates atmospheric galvanic corrosion of a busbar, which includes a copper flange, an aluminum alloy flange in contact with a zinc nut and bolt. The Secondary Current Distribution interface is used to solve for the electric potential in electrode domain and Current Distribution, Shell interface is used to solve for the electrolyte potential in the thin electrolyte layer. The ...

Ship Hull ICCP

Impressed current cathodic protection is a commonly employed strategy to mitigate the ship hull corrosion where an external current is applied to the hull surface, polarizing it to a lower potential. In this model, the effect of propeller coating on the current demand is demonstrated.

Stress Corrosion

Steel pipelines are often subjected to complex stress/strain conditions in the oil and gas industry. Additionally, pipes are subjected to significant longitudinal strain due to soil movement. For the elastoplastic stress simulation, the _Solid Mechanics_ interface is used with the small-strain plasticity model. The _Secondary Current Distribution_ interface is used to model electrochemical ...

Carbon Dioxide Corrosion in Steel Pipes

Carbon dioxide in aqueous solution is highly corrosive and can cause significant damage to steel designs. Such conditions arise in pipes used in a variety of applications, especially within the petrochemical industry. In this tutorial example, turbulent flows consisting of carbon dioxide and water corrode the steel surface of pipes. The corrosion is influenced by the temperature and pH. This ...

Galvanic Corrosion with Electrode Deformation

This 2D model demonstrates how to model a galvanic couple in which the corrosion of the anode causes a geometry deformation. The parameter data used is for an Magnesium Alloy (AE44) - mild steel couple in brine solution (salt water).

Voltammetry at a Microdisk Electrode

Voltammetry is modeled at a microelectrode of 10um radius. In this common analytical electrochemistry technique, the potential at a working electrode is swept up and down and the current is recorded. The current-voltage waveform ("voltammogram") gives information about the reactivity and mass transport properties of the analyte. Microelectrodes are popular in electroanalysis because they ...

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