Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Stefan's Problem: Validation of a One-Dimensional Solid-Liquid Phase Change Heat Transfer Process

D. Groulx, and W. Ogoh
Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada

A 1D phase change problem, known as Stefan’s problem, for which analytical solutions are available, is solved as a 2D problem using COMSOL Multiphysics. The PCM medium is semi-infinite, initially solid at its melting temperature Tm, and at t = 0, the wall temperature is raised to Tw > Tm, prompting the PCM to start melting, from pure conduction, in a linear fashion starting at x = 0. The ...

Finite Element Analysis of Pipes Considering the Effects of Stress Concentration Due to Dents

S.C. de Oliveira[1], E.P. de Deus[2], and A.M. Mont'Alverne[2]
[1] Funcap/CNPq, CE, Brazil
[2] Universidade Federal do Ceara, Fortaleza, CE, Brazil

This paper presents a numerical analysis of indented pipes based on the Finite Element (FE) within the framework of COMSOL Multiphysics. Numerical models using two-dimensional solid plane strain elements are evaluated. Geometric nonlinear analysis, nonlinear isotropic hardening material and contact were also incorporated into the models. The numerical models are calibrated by using an analytical ...

Failure Stress Analysis of Fiber Reinforced of Composite Laminates under Uniaxial/Biaxial Loading

Z. Hasan[1], F. Darwish[2], and S. Al-Absi[2]
[1]Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA
[2]Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan

The main objective of the present work is to perform stress analysis on composite laminates under unaxial/biaxial loading to serve as a preliminary data for test verification. A detailed calculation based on the Classical Lamination Theory was performed for a laminate. The material used was carbon/epoxy applying a pure uniaxial load followed by a biaxial load. It was observed that the failure ...

Thermo Mechanical Behavior of Heat Exchangers

A. Chidley, F. Roger, and A. Traidia
ENSTA Paristech, Palaiseau, France

Nowadays, to go along with sustainable development and for cost matters, automotive heat exchangers are built with less and less aluminum and the process costs are being cut. However, the real mechanical response is a plastic shakedown, which is why we need to model the cyclic response as well as to find a fatigue criterion. A finite element model was developed using COMSOL Multiphysics to ...

Uncertainty Analysis, Verification and Validation of a Stress Concentration in a Cantilever Beam

S. Kargar, and D. Bardot
University of Alabama, Huntsville, AL, USA

In this paper we compare the results from a bending cantilever beam experiment with the theoretical values and COMSOL finite element simulation results. In the experiment a simple cantilever beam with a hole is loaded at the end. Measurements are recorded by four strain gauges mounted on the beam, three near the hole and one at a location where the nominal stress is equivalent to that of a ...

Modeling and Simulation of a Piezoelectric Micro-Power Generator

E. Abdel-Rahman, M. Pallapa, M.A.S. Aly, L. Wong, A.I.H. Chen, K.W. Wong, and J.T. Yeow
University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada

Micro-power generators (MPGs) harvest and store small amounts of ambient energy. The motivation of this paper is to compare the MPG modeling and simulation results obtained from COMSOL Multiphysics® with those obtained using three other approaches: CoventorWare®, ANSYS® and lumped element analysis. The MPG is composed of two identical micro-cantilever beams made of a piezoelectric ...

A Directional Dogbone Flextensional Sonar Transducer

S.C. Butler
Naval Undersea Warfare Center, Newport, RI, USA

In order to transmit energy in one direction, sonar flextensional transducers are combined into arrays of elements that are spaced a 1/4 wavelength apart. The directionality (front-to-back pressure ratio) is a modest of 6 dB. A single projector that is 1/3 wavelength in size and capable of developing unidirectional beams with front-to-back ratios greater than 20 dB that is independent of sound ...

Modeling Thickness Shear Mode Quartz Sensors for Increased Downhole Pressure & Temperature Applications

G.R. Kirikera, W. Patton, and S.M. Behr
Geophysical Research Company LLC, Tulsa, OK, USA

Numerous sensors based on various sensing principles are used to measure pressures and temperatures in wellbores. Of all these sensors, piezoelectric quartz is the most preferred means of sensing pressure and temperature and is probably the only sensor to meet stringent downhole measurement requirements. The sensor consists of a quartz piezoelectric resonator hermetically sealed between two ...

Modeling of Transport and Reaction in a Catalytic Bed Using a Catalyst Particle Model

F. Allain, and A.G. Dixon
Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA

A packed bed reactor consisting of spherical catalyst particles in a tube was simulated numerically. The steady-state pseudo-heterogeneous model consisted of a pseudo-continuum representation for the heat and mass transfer in the reactor tube. The reaction source terms were evaluated by explicitly solving a 1D spherical pellet model at each discretization point. The model implemented in COMSOL ...

COMSOL Assisted Simulation of Laser Engraving

H. Karbasi
Conestoga College, Kitchener, ON, Canada

The main purpose of this paper is to develop a proof of concept software that can simulate the geometry of engraved surfaces and can estimate the depth and width of engraved groove and associated laser parameters. For this purpose, COMSOL has been used to simulate the moving laser beam as a source of heat over physical domain made of different materials. Through interaction modeling of ...

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