Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Modelling of the Hydrogen Diffusion in Martensitic Steel in Contact with H2SO4 Media

J. Bouhattate[1], X. Feaugas[1], and S. Frappart[1][2]
[1]Laboratoire d’Etudes des Matériaux en Milieux Agressifs,
Université de La Rochelle, La Rochelle, France
[2]V&M France, CEV, Aulnoye-Aymeries, France

Hydrogen Embrittlement (HE) is one of the mechanisms responsible for premature failure of structures. In the context of environmental sustainability, it is compelling to improve or conceive new processes and/or new materials capable of reducing fracture induced by HE. We analyzed the influence of the oxide layer on the permeability of hydrogen. This investigation was carried on as a correlative ...

Screening Effects in Probing the Electric Double Layer by Scanning Electrochemical Potential Microscopy

R.F. Hamou[1], P.U. Biedermann[1], A. Erbe[1], and M. Rohwerder[1]
[1]Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung GmbH, Düsseldorf, Germany

A computational method is developed to study probing the electric double layer by Scanning Electrochemical Potential Microscopy. The model is based on a modified Poisson- Boltzmann equation, which takes into account steric effects. We investigated the effect of metallic apex protrusion and the Open Circuit Potential (OCP) of the tip on the probed potential. A clear electrostatic screening effect ...

Simulating Performance and Species Crossover in a Vanadium Redox Flow Battery using COMSOL Multiphysics

E. Agar, K. Knehr, C. Dennison, and E. Kumbur
Electrochemical Energy Systems Lab.
Dept. of Mechanical Eng. and Mechanics
Drexel University
Philadelphia, PA

Vanadium redox flow batteries (VRBs) are a promising new energy storage technology designed for use in long term applications such as uninterruptible power supply and coupling with renewable energy sources (i.e. wind and solar). Crossover is the undesired transport of vanadium ions through the ion exchange membrane during operation and is a major factor limiting the overall efficiency and charge ...

Electrochemical Pickling of Steel for Industrial Applications: Modeling

M. Freda[1], A. Giannetti[1], L. Lattanzi[1], S. Luperi[1]
[1]Centro Sviluppo Materiali, Rome, Italy

The electrochemical pickling of steel has two main purposes: 1) To remove thermal oxide; 2) To dissolve chromium-depleted layer, to reinstate the corrosion-resistant properties of the stainless steel; A reliable, flexible and robust 3D model has been made for simulating the steel electrochemical pickling. This process is modeled as a multiphysics system for the current control. The model ...

Three-Dimensional Percolation Properties Simulation of a Marine Coating Based on Its Real Structure Obtained from Ptychographic X-Ray Tomography - new

B. Chen[1], M. Guizar-Sicairos[2], G. Xiong[1], L. Shemilt[1], A. Diaz[2], J. Nutter[1], N. Burdet[1], S. Huo[1], F. Vergeer[3], A. Burgess[4], I. Robinson[1]
[1]London Centre for Nanotechnology, University College London, London, UK
[2]Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen, Switzerland
[3]AkzoNobel Co. Ltd., Sassenheim, Netherlands
[4]AkzoNobel (UK) Co. Ltd., Tyne and Wear, UK

We present quantitative nano-scale analysis of the 3D spatial structure of an anticorrosive aluminium epoxy barrier marine coating obtained by ptychographic X-ray computed tomography (PXCT) [1-3]. We then use COMSOL Multiphysics® software to perform simulations on the acquired real 3D structure to demonstrate how percolation through this actual 3D structure impedes ion diffusion in the ...

Towards the Modeling of Microgalvanic Corrosion in Aluminum Alloys: the Choice of Boundary Conditions

N. Murer[1], N. Missert[2], and R. Bucchheit[1]

[1]Fontana Corrosion Center, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA
[2]Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM, USA

Aluminum alloys in near-neutral, mildly aggressive solutions, undergo damage accumulation during corrosion, mostly due to the presence of micrometer-sized constituent intermetallic particles (IMP) that create a microstructural discontinuity at which localized corrosion occurs. The Nernst-Planck equation with electroneutrality is used to simulate current and pH distributions resulting from ...

Zinc Corrosion in a Crevice

C. Taxén, and D. Persson
Swerea-Kimab, Stockholm, Sweden

Corrosion of metals in confined zones is a big industrial problem. The electrochemistry of such localized corrosion processes is complicated by the impact of the corrosion processes on the composition of the local solution. In the present problem, local interaction with the atmosphere causes uptake of O2 and CO2 and evaporation of water from the initially dilute NaCl-solution. This model ...

Modeling of the Transport Phenomena in Lithium-Ion Battery Electrolytes

A. Nyman, M. Behm, and G. Lindbergh
Applied Electrochemistry, School of Chemical Science and Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology Stockholm, Sweden

Modeling of mass transport is an important step in evaluating lithium-ion battery electrolytes and understanding cell performance. For high-power applications, concentration gradients in the electrolyte lead to limiting currents, which limit the power-density of the battery. The model has been used for determining a complete set of transport and thermodynamic properties for LiPF6 dissolved in an ...

Modeling of Charge Transport in Ion Bipolar Junction Transistors

A.V. Volkov[1], K. Tybrandt[1], I.V. Zozoulenko[1], M. Berggren[1]
[1]Organic Electronics, ITN, Linköping University, Norrköping, Sweden

Modeling of an ion bipolar junction transistor (IBJT) is performed using the COMSOL Multiphysics® software. Our model describes the IBJT which was developed and characterized [1]. The IBJT under consideration consists of an anion-selective collector and emitter, a cation-selective base and a neutral junction. The physical model is based on Poisson and Nernst-Planck (PNP) equations. A two ...

Modeling the chloride-induced corrosion initiation of steel rebar in concrete

P. Ghods[1], K. Karadakis[1], O. B. Isgor[1], and G. McRae[1]
[1]Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Corrosion of rebar in concrete is one of the most prominent durability problems in reinforced concrete, especially where de-icing or seawater salts come into contact with the structures. Previous electrochemical and microscopic investigations have shown that local crevices between the mill scale and the underlying steel surface accelerate the corrosion initiation of rebar in concrete. Steel ...