ABB, Corporate Research, Västerås, Sweden
Modern power transmission systems are in general designed to operate at high voltages in order to reduce resistive losses generated by high currents. This, however, tends to increase the risk for dielectric breakdown or flashovers if the equipment is not properly designed to withstand the stress. The present work illustrates how multiphysics simulations can be used to analyze and predict the ...
S. Ebrahim, A. Alshayji
Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering and Petroleum, Kuwait University, Kuwait City, Kuwait
The study produced a simulated model of natural convection in an inclined rectangular channel open ended with different locations of radiant barrier (RB) along the channel thickness(S). The upper plate is heated by various uniform constant heat fluxes while the inner surface of the lower plate has a very thin layer with low emissive aluminum foil. This model was used to adjust the location of ...
J.F. Dannenberg, J. Brinkert, and E.A.D. Lamers
Reden b.v., Hengelo (ov.), The Netherlands
One of the upcoming technologies in displays is that of the electrowetting displays. A surface can be covered by a colored oil or transparent water using a voltage to increase or decrease the wettability of the surface. A simulation of the behavior of such a thin film of oil in water, forced to move due an electrostatic field, has been made using the level-set, two-phase flow application mode ...
赵旭山 , 郝雷 , 蒋利军 , 米菁 , 杨海龄 ,
随着能源紧张、油价攀升，环境污染严重，利用可再生绿色能源又成为不懈努力的方向。槽式太阳能热发电技术具有兼容性强、对电网冲击小、性价比高、发电成本低、可存储可调度等特点，近年来得到了迅猛发展，其核心部件为高温太阳能真空集热管，如图1所示。本研究利用 COMSOL Multiphysics® 针对真空集热管真实工况下的动态过程开展研究，并在此基础上开展集热管结构的优化设计。 由图 1 可知：集热管在电站中服役工况下，槽面会聚的太阳光主要集中于集热管下半面，上半面接收的会聚太阳光较少；导热工质自吸收管一端进入，接收会聚太阳光辐照能量，从吸收管另一端流出，流入→流出过程中，导热工质被加热；集热管外表面与外部环境通过热辐射和对流两种方式换热；吸收管与玻璃罩管间形成的环形密闭高真空区域各内表面通过热辐射换热，不考虑对流；集热管两端支撑固定于聚光器上，由于本身自重和热应力，会产生一定形变。 ...
A. Daoud, and N. Kandev
Institut de recherche d'Hydro-Quebec (LTE), Shawinigan, Quebec, Canada
The electromagnetic pumping (EMP) of electrically-conducting fluid is of growing interest for many industrial applications requiring precise flow control, enabling stopping or reversing flow direction without any moving parts or mechanical devices. Presented in this work are the results of a 3D numerical magneto-hydrodynamic (MHD) simulation of direct current (DC) EMP for liquid ...
D. Sharma , A. Siddiqua ,
 Nitte Meenakshi Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction) is a recent well researched technique which can be employed to obtain an amplified DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid). A continuous flow polymerase chain reaction with integrated MEMS based design micro heater for DNA amplification is implemented. Temperature zone is obtained by natural heat conduction rather than making use of typical silicon thermal cycler. Inter ...
D. Rubinetti , D. A. Weiss , J. Müller , A. Wahlen ,
 Institute of Thermal and Fluid Engineering, University of Applied Sciences Northwestern Switzerland, Windisch, Switzerland
 Institute of Product and Production Engineering, University of Applied Sciences Northwestern Switzerland, Windisch, Switzerland
Acoustic streaming (AS) describes a physical phenomenon where an oscillating sound emitter induces a steady fluid motion. Metal processing industry applies this treatment for grain morphology adjustments during the solidification of metal. Improvement and further development of this technique focus on numerical modeling to reduce substantial costs for test rigs and field tests. This study ...
P. Geraldini ,
 Sogin S. p. A., Rome, Italy
Understanding the air flow patterns and aerosol trajectories in ventilated rooms can provide key information for determining where to place early warning and monitoring instruments, and how to minimize hazardous materials in the worker’s breathing zone. The dispersion within rooms can be influenced by complex interactions between numerous variables, but especially ventilation design and room ...
I .F. Melikhov , A. S. Amosov , S. A. Chivilikhin ,
 Corning Scientific Center, Saint Petersburg, Russia
 ITMO University, Saint Petersburg, Russia
Ultrasonic levitation is a novel technology for contactless handing of various objects. It is already used in various manufacturing processes where it is important to keep untouched surface. In this paper we introduce a model of so-called near-field ultrasonic levitation which allows flying heights of the hundred-micron order. Our model computes air flow in the gap between a vibration source and ...
F. Mechighel, B. Pateyron, M. El Ganaoui, S. Dost, and M. Kadja
Laboratory SPCTS UMR CNRS, ENSCI, Limoges University, Limoges, France
Crystal Growth Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Victoria, British Columbia, Victoria, Canada
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Constantine, Constantine, Algeria
A numerical simulation study, using COMSOL Multiphysics®, was carried out to examine the temperature and concentration fields in the dissolution process of silicon into germanium melt. This work utilized a simplified configuration which may be considered to be similar material configuration to that used in the Vertical Bridgman growth methods. The concentration profile for the SiGe sample ...