Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Investigations on Polarization Losses in Planar Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

S. T. Aruna [1], S. Senthil Kumar [1], A. Iyer [1], B. ShriPrakash [1]
[1] CSIR-National Aerospace Laboratories, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

In recent years, various configurations of planar Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC) have been developed for enhancing its performance. The objective of these efforts are centered on reducing polarization losses (also referred as "overpotential") by optimizing the structure and properties of three key components- anode, electrolyte and cathode. The present work was aimed at developing a model for ...

Snap Buckling of a Constrained Photomechanical Switch Driven by Elastic Instability

M. L. Smith [1], A. A. Sicard [1], A. A. Skandani [2], M. R. Shankar [2],
[1] Hope College, Holland, MI, USA
[2] University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA

Photomechanical materials experience strains in response to light of certain wavelengths. These remotely triggered, photo-induced strains lead to large-scale deformations, presenting significant opportunities for wireless actuators and light-driven morphing structures. A large space of possible mechanical behaviors exist for these materials since their response depends on a variety of system ...

Modeling of Straight Jet Dynamics in Electrospinning Process

R. Pandya [1], A. Kumar [2], V. Runkana [1],
[1] Tata Research Development and Design Centre, Tata Consultancy Services, Pune, India
[2] Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, India

Electrospinning is a process where high voltage is applied to produce polymer fibers of nanoscale diameter. Various polymers have been used for this process in molten form or as a solution with an appropriate solvent such as glycerol. The melt solidifies while the solvent evaporates to produce fibers. The fibers produced have properties such as high surface to volume ratio and a molecular ...

Asymmetry Induced Terminal Voltage Improvement in Mg2Si-based Thermoelectric Unicouple

P. Priyadarshi [1], J. Bahl [1], B. Muralidharan [1]
[1] Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, India

Thermoelectric power generation has been envisioned as a clean energy alternative to conventional thermal to electric power generation for decades due to its noiseless and low-cost operation. However, a typical thermoelectric generator suffers from low device efficiency, so it has been a constant endeavor for thermoelectric researchers’ community to consider alternate thermoelectric materials ...

COMSOL Multiphysics® 在热发电用真空集热管设计中的应用

赵旭山 [1], 郝雷 [1], 蒋利军 [1], 米菁 [1], 杨海龄 [1],
[1] 北京有色金属研究总院,北京,中国

随着能源紧张、油价攀升,环境污染严重,利用可再生绿色能源又成为不懈努力的方向。槽式太阳能热发电技术具有兼容性强、对电网冲击小、性价比高、发电成本低、可存储可调度等特点,近年来得到了迅猛发展,其核心部件为高温太阳能真空集热管,如图1所示。本研究利用 COMSOL Multiphysics® 针对真空集热管真实工况下的动态过程开展研究,并在此基础上开展集热管结构的优化设计。 由图 1 可知:集热管在电站中服役工况下,槽面会聚的太阳光主要集中于集热管下半面,上半面接收的会聚太阳光较少;导热工质自吸收管一端进入,接收会聚太阳光辐照能量,从吸收管另一端流出,流入→流出过程中,导热工质被加热;集热管外表面与外部环境通过热辐射和对流两种方式换热;吸收管与玻璃罩管间形成的环形密闭高真空区域各内表面通过热辐射换热,不考虑对流;集热管两端支撑固定于聚光器上,由于本身自重和热应力,会产生一定形变。 ...

A Novel Physics Interface for Nakamura Crystallization Kinetics

A. Levy [1],
[1] Laboratoire de Thermocinétique de Nantes, Nantes, France

Crystallization phenomena are of first interest in several industrial applications (polymer forming processes, metallurgy, phase change flow, energy storage...). A classical way to model the crystallization evolution is using the Nakamura kinetics law. In this paper, a novel physics interface is developed using the Physics Builder of COMSOL Multiphysics® , which accounts for the resolution of ...

Studies of Sound Radiation from Beams with Acoustic Black Holes

C. Zhao [1], M. G. Prasad [1],
[1] Stevens Institute of Technology, Hoboken, NJ, USA

Recently, acoustic black holes (ABH), a new passive structural modification approach to control vibration and noise from mechanical structures have been developed and studied. This preliminary study presents the work on the influence of acoustical black holes on the vibration and sound field of beams. The simulation and experimental results show that the parameters m and a in the power law ...

Application of Kelvin's Inversion Theorem to the Solution of Laplace's Equation Over a Domain That Includes the Unbounded Exterior of a Sphere

J. Russell[1]
[1]Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, FL, USA

In simulating physical systems modeled as solutions of partial differential equations over an unbounded domain, a challenge arises owing to the impossibility to cover an unbounded domain with a mesh. A classical problem in fluid dynamics, a solid sphere of radius a_s is submerged in a tank of water (at rest) of much larger size. The water is disturbed by the sphere’s sudden acceleration in the z ...

Finite Element Analysis of Photoacoustic Response from Gold Nanoparticle

Y. Davletshin[1], J. C. Kumaradas[1]
[1]Ryerson University, Toronto, ON, Canada

Photoacoustic (PA) imaging has matured into a clinical modality for tissue imaging and functional cancer cell research. It uses a pulsed laser to irradiate a region and generate a thermally-induced acoustic pressure wave that can be collected by an ultrasound transducer. The optical absorption/PA contrast of the region of interest can be enhanced by the use of plasmonic nanoparticles. The ...

Multiphysics CAE Simulations of Casting Process for First-time-right Product Development

M. Hussain [1], Ramanathan S. [1], R. C. Thiagarajan [1],
[1] ATOA Scientific Technologies, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Casting product performance depends on material, flow, Process Temperature, Solidification, Shrinkage and residual stress. In a casting process, not all available resources are utilized effectively which results in low quality of casting, defects and metal wastage. Physics based modeling is increasingly used to optimize product performance, improve quality and reduce defects of casting products. ...