Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Heat Generation from H₂/D₂ Pressurization of Nanoparticles: Simulation of the Experiments on COMSOL Multiphysics®

A. Osouf[1], G. Miley[2], B. Stunkard[3], T. Patel[3], E. Ziehm[2], K. Kyu-Jung[3], A. Krishnamurthy[1]
[1]Department of Aerospace Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana - Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA
[2]Department of Nuclear, Plasma & Radiological Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana - Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA
[3]University of Illinois at Urbana - Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA

A COMSOL Multiphysics® model of our apparatus has been created in order to simulate the pressurizations of our nanoparticles by Deuterium. Using reference measurements during a cooling process, we calibrated the model so that its thermal aspects reflect the ones of our experimental set up. To reproduce the pressurizations, the following variables are parameters : the location of the heat ...

Residual Stresses and Failure Probability of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Due to the Sintering Process

F. Greco[1], J. van Herle[1], A. Nakajo[1]
[1]FUELMAT Group, Institute of Mechanical Engineering, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland

A solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) is composed of four layers (anode, electrolyte compatibility layer and cathode) of different ceramic materials. The anode layer is produced by tape casting, the remaining layers are deposited by screen-printing. The layers are sintered together at high temperatures. During heating up and cooling down (manufacturing process), stresses are generated in the layers due ...

Finite Element Analysis of Transient Ballistic-Diffusive Heat Transfer in Two-Dimensional Structures

S. Hamian[1], T. Yamada[2], M. Faghri[3], K. Park[1]
[1]University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA
[2]Lund University, Lund, Sweden
[3]University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI, USA

For the last two centuries, the conventional Fourier heat conduction equation has been used for modeling a diffusive nature of macroscale heat conduction by considering the energy conservation and Fourier's linear approximation of heat flux. However, it cannot accurately predict heat transport when the length scale is comparable to or smaller than the mean free path of thermal energy carriers or ...

Use of FEM in the Design of an HTS Insert Coil for a High Field NMR Magnet

E. Bosque[1]
[1]Applied Superconductivity Center, National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Tallahassee, FL, USA

High temperature superconductors (HTS) allow larger current densities through coil wound electromagnets, which produce higher magnetic fields. A high field HTS insert demonstration magnet is being built with high field homogeneity (~1 ppm) for application in nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). The HTS NMR system is inserted into the bore of an existing high field magnet. A compensating Helmholtz ...

Evaluation of the Shutdown Time of Subsea Pipeline for Oil Transportation

D. Maciel[1], N. Bouchonneau[1]
[1]Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil

The maintenance plan or rush-to-repair of a subsea pipeline for oil transport may result in the shutdown of the line, in other words, may stop the flow of fluid. During the shutdown, the temperature of the oil tends to decrease continuously, and the heavy molecules tend to crystallize and suspend in the oil, which increase the viscosity of the oil, and even form a paraffinic compound or freeze ...

Numerical Study on the Acoustic Field of a Deviated Borehole with 2.5D Method - new

L. Liu[1], W.J. Lin[1], H.L. Zhang[1]
[1]State Key Laboratory of Acoustics, Institute of Acoustics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China

In this paper, we use the PDE interface of COMSOL Multiphysics® software to implement the 2.5D frequency wave-number domain method to investigate the wave propagation in a deviated borehole penetrating a transversely isotropic formation. A convolutional perfectly matched layer is realized to eliminate the reflections from the artificial truncation boundary. With this method, we can obtain the ...

A Consistent Environment for the Numerical Prediction of the Properties of Composite Materials

J. Schumacher[1], P. Fideu[2], G. Ziegmann[1], and A. Herrmann[3]
[1]TU Clausthal-Institute of Polymere Materials and Plastic Engineering, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany
[2]CTC GmbH Stade, Stade, Germany
[3]Faserinstitut Bremen e.V., Bremen, Germany

The current paper focuses on the creation of a consistent environment for the numerical prediction of the physical properties of polymer composite. A limitation factor for the successful simulation of composite processes is the correct estimation of the effective properties depending on several factors such as the constituents (fiber, polymer), the process setup. The numerical prediction of the ...

COMSOL in a New Tensorial Formulation of Non-Isothermal Poroelasticity

A. Mario-Cesar Suarez[1], and V. Fernando Samaniego[2]

[1]Faculty of Sciences, Michoacan University, Morelia, Mich., Mexico
[2]Faculty of Engineering, National University of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico

The presence of a moving fluid in a porous rock modifies its mechanical response. Poroelasticity explains how the fluid inside the pores bears a portion of the total load supported by the rock. The remaining part of the load is supported by the elastic skeleton, which contains a laminar fluid coupled to the framework by equilibrium and continuity conditions. This work introduces an original ...

Benchmarking COMSOL - Part 2: CFD Problems

Darrell Pepper
Professor of Mechanical Engineering,
University of Nevada - Las Vegas

Using COMSOL 3.5a, a set of benchmark problems requiring the use of the COMSOL Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) module has been simulated. Several of the problems include fluid-heat transfer interactions (Computational Heat Transfer - CHT). The four problems are: flow over a 2-D circular cylinder compressible flow in a shock tube incompressible heated flow over a 2-D backward facing step ...

Stability and Bifurcation of Cathode Arc Attachment in AC Operated High-Intensity Discharge Lamps

A. Lenef
Osram Sylvania

High-intensity discharge (HID) lamps are highly-efficient light sources with many applications. Depending on the dimensions of the electrode, lamp current, and waveforms, the plasma may attach to the cathode in a diffuse mode, that covers the electrode tip surface, or a localized mode where heating and current transfer occur in a local region of the electrode surface. The localized mode is ...

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