Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Photo-Biological Reactor for Organic Waste Consumption and Hydrogen Production - new

L. F. de Souza[1]
[1]Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil

A simple steady-state photo-fermentative biochemical model was developed using the COMSOL Multiphysics'® Transport of Diluted Species physics interface. A dimensionless model seeks optimal physical parameters based on given biochemical parameters found in literature. A parametric sweep of the physical parameters is enabled without altering the mesh. Other limitations can be easily added to this ...

Modeling the Vanadium Oxygen Fuel Cell

F.T. Wandschneider[1], M. Küttinger[1], P. Fischer[1], K. Pinkwart[1], J. Tübke[1], H. Nirschl[2]
[1]Fraunhofer-Institute for Chemical Technology, Pfinztal, Germany
[2]Karlsruhe Institute for Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany

A two-dimensional stationary model of a vanadium oxygen fuel cell is developed in COMSOL Multiphysics®. This energy storage device combines a vanadium flow battery anode and an oxygen fuel cell cathode. The oxygen reduction reaction generates additional water, leading to a degradation of the catalyst performance over time. A logistic function is introduced to the Butler-Volmer equation in order ...

Simulation of Wear using LiveLink™ for MATLAB®

D. Sutton[1]
[1]National Centre for Advanced Tribology at Southampton, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom

An incremental wear model has been developed using COMSOL Multiphysics® with MATLAB® to predict the evolution of component geometry as a result of wear. Whilst Archard’s wear law is a well-known empirical model for the prediction of wear volume, the design engineer is interested in changes in tolerance as a result of component geometry. At each time step, the simulation extracts the pressure ...

Transient Simulation of an Electrochemical Machining Process for Stamping and Extrusion Dies

M. Penzel [1], M. Hackert-Oschätzchen [2], M. Kreißig [1], M. Kowalick [1], M. Zinecker [1], A. Schubert [1], G. Meichsner [3],
[1] Professorship Micromanufacturing Technology, Technische Universität Chemnitz, Chemnitz, Germany
[2] Professorship Micromanufacturing Technology, Technische Universität Chemnitz, Chemnitz, Germany; Fraunhofer Institute for Machine Tools and Forming Technology, Chemnitz, Germany
[3] Fraunhofer Institute for Machine Tools and Forming Technology, Chemnitz, Germany

Precise electrochemical machining (PEM) is a non-conventional machining technology, based on anodic dissolution of metallic work-pieces. In this study an additional extension of the precise electrochemical machining with a precise angle-controlled cylinder positioning is aimed. Due to the help of the angle-controlled cylinder positioning, with PEM e.g. stamping and extrusion dies can be ...

A Time Dependent Dielectric Breakdown (TDDB) Model for Field Accelerated Low-K Breakdown Due To Copper Ions

R. Achanta, J. Plawsky, and W. Gill
Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY, USA

We have simulated the copper ion concentration and internal electric field profiles in a dielectric material by solving the transient continuity/Poisson equations using COMSOL Multiphysics. We have shown that failure of dielectrics can be modeled if we assume that failure in Cu/SiO2/Si devices occurs due to a pile-up of copper ions at the cathode and the subsequent increase in electric field ...

Finite Element Analysis of Photoacoustic Response from Gold Nanoparticle

Y. Davletshin[1], J. C. Kumaradas[1]
[1]Ryerson University, Toronto, ON, Canada

Photoacoustic (PA) imaging has matured into a clinical modality for tissue imaging and functional cancer cell research. It uses a pulsed laser to irradiate a region and generate a thermally-induced acoustic pressure wave that can be collected by an ultrasound transducer. The optical absorption/PA contrast of the region of interest can be enhanced by the use of plasmonic nanoparticles. The ...

Thermal Study of Valve Regulated Lead Acid Batteries and Electronics Chamber Used in Stand-Alone Street Lighting Applications - new

D. Groulx[1], J. Skaalum[1], T. Jamieson[1]
[1]Mechanical Engineering, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada

This paper presents a study on the heat generation of Valve-Regulated Lead Acid (VRLA) batteries used in off-grid streetlighting applications from PoleCo, a Halifax based company. One goal of the project was to produce validated COMSOL® models of the enclosure that holds these VRLA batteries. This model can then be used to investigate methods of reducing the temperature of the batteries based on ...

Analysis and Optimization of Dragonfly Wing Using COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

A. Kumar [1], C. Kaur [1], S. S. Padhee [2],
[1] PEC University of Technology, Chandigarh, India
[2] IIT Ropar, Punjab, India

This paper explores the complexities of a dragonfly's flapping wing motion. It includes the literature as well as analytical results using simulations done in COMSOL Multiphysics® software. The study depicts the Fluid-Structure Interaction of the 2D wing (airfoil) with air, governed by Naiver-Stokes equations. The wing follows mathematical functions and is given motion similar to dragonfly's ...

Multiphysics Process Simulation of the Electromagnetic-Supported Laser Beam Welding

M. Bachmann, V. Avilov, A. Gumenyuk, and M. Rethmeier
BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing
Berlin, Germany

The article deals with the magnetically-supported high-power full-penetration laser beam welding of aluminum. A stationary simulation was conducted accounting for the effects of natural convection, Marangoni convection and solid-liquid phase transition as well as an electromagnetic volume source term. An ac magnet below the weld specimen induces eddy currents. Consequently, Lorentz forces occur ...

Calculation of Capacitances of Symmetrical Triple Coupled CPW Transmission Lines and Multilayer CPW Broadside Coupled Lines Balun

S. Musa[1], M. N. O. Sadiku[1]
[1]Prairie View A&M University, Prairie View, TX, USA

The accurate estimate of values of electromagnetic parameters are essential to determine the final circuit speeds and functionality for designing of high-performance integrated circuits and integrated circuits packaging. In this paper, the quasi-TEM analyses of symmetrical triple coupled Coplanar Waveguide (CPW) transmission lines and multilayer CPW broadside coupled-line balun are successfully ...