M. Quinn, D. Whitlow, O.D.S. Taylor, M.H. McKenna
 Engineer Resource and Development Center, United States Army Corps of Engineers, Vicksburg, MS, USA
Bridge piers and abutments makeup the bridge substructure and transmit loads from the superstructure to the bridge foundation material (Figure 1). The bridge abutment serves three purposes: to provide vertical support to the bridge superstructure where the bridge ends, to connect the bridge with the approach roadway, and to retain roadway base materials. There are several types of abutment ...
R. Haemers, F. Broekkamp, H. van Halewijn
Fontys University of Applied Physics, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
The hills of South-Limburg, the Netherlands, are crisscrossed with underground limestone mines. These "caves" are not equally stable, and can be dangerous. With COMSOL Multiphysics® a stability assessment has been made. The first study examines the full stress and displacement profile without excavation. In a second study the domains of the corridors are excluded, to represent the excavation ...
T. Lopez , O. Shchekin ,
 Lumileds, Eindhoven, Netherlands
The versatility of COMSOL Multiphysics® software has positioned it at competitive levels against other considered industrial-standard engineering software tools. This contribution is directed towards emphasizing the need of further developing the basic concepts of this versatile tool in order to enable the implementation of complex physics modeling techniques in rapid, flexible and customized ...
Leiden, The Netherlands
A model for material damping is presented in terms of internal friction and in terms of a variation of stiffness. In the latter case the idea is that the stiffness increases if elastic energy is stored and decreases if elastic energy is released. In case of a single mass spring system “stiffness” refers to the stiffness of the spring; in case of a continues object &ldquo ...
J. Mwebesa, D. Kalumba, and R. Kulabako
Studies by Nishaat (2009) showed that Terzaghi\'s bearing capacity model didn\'t adequately predict the bearing capacity failure in Philippi Dune sands. Nishaat carried out her investigation using a physical model that was built in a geotechnical laboratory. The failure surfaces she observed in the sands did not resemble those predicted by Terzaghi and Meyerhof\'s models. However the use of a ...
Numerically Closing the Loop of the Adaptive Optics Sensor: the Validation of the COMSOL Multiphysics® Simulation - new
C. Del Vecchio, R. Briguglio, A. Riccardi
National Institute for Astrophysics, Arcetri Astrophysical Observatory, Florence, Italy
As any other modelling of a physical behavior, the numerical simulation of the mechanical response of an adaptive secondary mirror requires that the results match the experimental data. Such an agreement was recently demonstrated for the local mirror stiffness of the LBT and VLT Deformable Mirrors; a reliable modeling is a good tool for the extrapolation of the missing optical data (spider ...
R. Purkayastha, R. McMeeking
Cambridge University, Cambridge, UK
University of California, Santa Barbara, CA, USA
Due to computational considerations most models of lithium storage particles in batteries incorporate spherical particles. However most storage particles used in battery electrodes tend to be irregular in shape with sharp edges and extended aspect ratios. The change of the relative surface area to the volume of the particle can lead to a change in the stress response of the particle for the same ...
H. J. Hall , L. A. Starman ,
 Sensors Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH, USA
Beam steering and adaptive optics micromirror applications commonly demand optically flat surfaces with minimal mass. When reflective coatings (usually metallic Au or Al) are applied to micromirror surfaces in order to meet optical reflectivity requirements the resulting film stress (usually tensile) can be substantial. The mass of the mirror can be a limiting factor in the dynamic performance. ...
R. Cagliero and G. Maizza
Dipartimento di Scienza dei Materiali ed Ingegneria Chimica, Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy
The increasing demand for improved metallurgical products strongly motivates the optimization of manufacturing processes and design of γ-TiAl products. Among the large variety of available forming processes, cold closed-die forging is particularly suitable for producing net shape bulk products having good surface finish with better mechanical properties. Pressing punches of suitable ...
J. Gaillard, D. Locatelli, S. Mulani, and R. Kapania
Microelectronics and Micromechanics Department, Engineering school of ENSICAEN (Ecole National Superieure d'Ingénieurs de Caen), Caen, France
 Engineering Science and Mechanics Department, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia, USA
 Aerospace and Ocean Engineering Department, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia, USA
The residual stresses developed in a stiffened panel manufactured using Electron Beam Freeform Fabrication (EBF3) process were studied. EBF3 process is a layer additive process that can be used to build near-net shaped parts directly using computer controlled techniques, which can be used for aerospace structures. A COMSOL model was created to simulate the residual stresses using a thermo ...