Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Surface tension driven flow during oxygen top blowing of liquid copper

Marin, T.1, 2, Utigard, T.1
1 Univeristy of Toronto, Materials Science and Engineering
2 Universidad de Chile, Departamento de Ingenieria de Minas

The rate of liquid copper oxidation plays an important role in the separation of impurities from copper during fire refining. A finite elements numerical model using FEMLAB 3.1 for the oxidation of liquid copper during top blowing of oxygen/nitrogen mixtures is presented and compared to experimental results. In this model, surface tension driven flow arising from gradients of oxygen ...

Simulation of the Convective Heat Transfer and Working Temperature Field of a Photovoltaic Module Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

E. Ruiz-Reina[1] and M. Sidrach-de-Cardona[1]
[1]Departamento de Física Aplicada II, Universidad de Málaga, Málaga, Spain

The aim of this work is the Finite Element Analysis (FEA), by  using COMSOL Multiphysics®, of the convective heat transfer and working temperature field of a photovoltaic module under different wind conditions.

Transport in Highly Heterogeneous Porous Media

G. Debenest, and M. Quintard
Institut de Mécanique des Fluides de Toulouse

Flows in highly heterogeneous media are found in many practical fields, such as hydrology, petroleum engineering, and chemical engineering. The case of two-region heterogeneous media (fractured media, catalytic beds, etc.) plays a fundamental role. The different questions associated to this specific case are illustrated in this paper for two different kinds of transport: (i) flow of a slightly ...

Heat and Mass Transfer Investigation in Fabrics

S. Quiniou[1], F. Lesage [1], V. Ventenat[2], and M.A. Latifi[1]
[1] Laboratoire des Sciences du Génie Chimique, Nancy
[2] Centre de recherche Décathlon, Villeneuve d’Ascq

In this paper, an investigation of heat and mass transfer in fabrics used in the manufacture of comfortable sportswear is presented. It is based on a model which is described by partial differential equations representing the mass balance of free and adsorbed water and vapour and the heat balance in the fabric. The model involves several unknown physical and transfer parameters. Two ...

Numerische Simulation der freien Konvektion im quadratischen Behälter

K.B. Bühler
Hochschule Offenburg, M+V, Offenburg

Die freie Konvektionsströmung im quadratischen Behälter wird durch die numerische Simulation sehr gut wiedergegeben. Das zugrunde liegende numerische Simulationsverfahren ermöglicht die Berechnung und Visualisierung wichtiger Kenngrößen des Strömungs- und Temperaturfeldes. Die Folgearbeiten zielen nun auf eine Erhöhung der Temperaturdifferenz und auf veränderte Randbedingungen wie ...

Simulation Of A Hydrogen Permeation Test On A Multilayer Membrane

J. Bouhattate, E. Legrand, A. Oudriss, S. Frappart, J. Creus, and X. Feaugas
Laboratoire d’Etude des Matériaux en Milieu Agressif, LEMMA, Bat. Marie Curie, La Rochelle, France

To understand a metal susceptibility to Hydrogen Embrittlement (HE), it is important to quantify the diffusion of hydrogen through a metallic membrane. Electrochemical permeation tests are the most common methods for experimentally determining the diffusion coefficient of a metal. However the parameters directly accessible from experiments are the time required for a stream to be observed and the ...

Influence of the Atmospheric Disturbance on the Respiration of a Forest Soil

C. Wylock[1], S. Goffin[2], M. Aubinet[2], B. Longdoz[3], B. Haut[1]
[1]Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Transfers, Interfaces and Processes (TIPs), Brussels, Belgium
[2]University of Liège-Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, Unit of Biosystem Physics, Gembloux, Belgium
[3]INRA, Centre INRA de Nancy, UMR1137 Ecologie et Ecophysiologie Forestières, Champenoux, France

The assessment of forest soil respiration and its isotopic composition is one of the important issues for the carbon cycling modeling (greenhouse gas emission control) because it is often inaccurate. Soil respiration is a complex process, depending on the coupling of several phenomena, which is therefore highly sensitive to any disturbance. In this work, the dynamics of the transport of two ...

A CFD Analysis of the Operating Conditions of a Multitube Pd Membrane for H2 Purification

B. Castro-Dominguez[1], R. Ma[1], A. G. Dixon[1], Y. H. Ma[1]
[1]Chemical Engineering Department, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA

The optimization of operating conditions in multitube membrane modules is highly complex. The multiple physics and irregular geometries involved create a challenge for predicting their behavior. This work analyzes the performance of H2 purification through a module containing seven membranes. Using experimental parameters, a 3-D model was devised, specifying the membrane as a reacting boundary ...

Submarine Gas Hydrate Reservoir Simulations - A Gas/Liquid Fluid Flow Model for Gas Hydrate Containing Sediments

S. Schlüter[1], T. Hennig[1], G. Janicki[1], G. Deerberg[1]
[1]Fraunhofer UMSICHT, Oberhausen, Germany

In the medium term, gas hydrate reservoirs in the subsea sediment are intended as deposits for carbon dioxide (CO2) from fossil fuel consumption. This idea is supported by the fact, that CO2 hydrates are more stable than methane hydrates at certain conditions. The potential of producing methane by depressurization and/or by injecting CO2 is studied in the frame of the research project SUGAR. ...

Void Shape Evolution of Silicon: Level-Set Approach

C. Grau Turuelo[1], C. Breitkopf[1]
[1]Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden, Germany

The void shape evolution of silicon is a process driven mainly by surface diffusion which leads to a geometrical transformation of trenches etched in silicon wafers due to surface energy minimization. The temperature, the ambient gas and the annealing time affect the velocity of the process. The use of custom PDEs in COMSOL Multiphysics® software and the Level-Set method provide a good base ...

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