Screening Effects in Probing the Electric Double Layer by Scanning Electrochemical Potential Microscopy
R.F. Hamou, P.U. Biedermann, A. Erbe, and M. Rohwerder
Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung GmbH, Düsseldorf, Germany
A computational method is developed to study probing the electric double layer by Scanning Electrochemical Potential Microscopy. The model is based on a modified Poisson- Boltzmann equation, which takes into account steric effects. We investigated the effect of metallic apex protrusion and the Open Circuit Potential (OCP) of the tip on the probed potential. A clear electrostatic screening effect ...
Fundamental Three Dimensional Modeling and Parameter Estimation of a Diesel Oxidation Catalyst for Heavy Duty Trucks
A. Holmqvist and C.U.I. Odenbrand
Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, LTH, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
Mathematical optimization can be used as a computational engine to generate the best solution for a given problem in a systematic and efficient way. In the context of monolithic converter systems, the parameter estimation problem (or inverse problem) is solved using Partial Differential Equations (PDE)-based models of the physical system coupled with an optimization algorithm. These problems are ...
F. Pulvirenti, M. Aloisi, G. De Guidi, M. Mattia, and C. Monaco
Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy
Dipartimento di Scienze Geologiche, Università di Catania, Catania, Italy
Structural, morphological and ground deformation studies suggest that the eastern flank of Mt. Etna (eastern Sicily) is spreading seaward. Three contrasting models have been proposed: deep-seated spreading, shallow sliding and tectonic block movements. In order to better understand the kinematics of instability processes on eastern flank of Mt. Etna, a numerical simulation has been applied to a ...
R. Dufour , C. Wu, F. Bendriaa, V. Thomy, and V. Senez
BioMEMS Group, IEMN, University of Lille Nord de France, Villeneuve d’Ascq, France
This paper presents an Analog to Digital Microfluidic Converter (ADMC) using passive valves and enabling the conversion of a continuous liquid flow into droplets for Electro-Wetting On Dielectric (EWOD) actuation. Valves calibration, geometry characteristics and losses reduction have been optimized using microfluidic application mode of COMSOL Multiphysics®.
R.E. Tosh, and H.H. Chen-Mayer
National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA
Primary reference standards for determining absorbed dose to water in radiotherapy beams used at cancer clinics and hospitals ultimately must make reference to the temperature change in water produced by ionizing radiation. The most direct experimental technique for this purpose is water calorimetry. Since the dose distributions delivered by such beams are nonuniform, temperature signals ...
E. P. Furlani, N. M. Litchinitse, and R. Biswas
The Institute for Lasers, Photonics and Biophotonics, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York, USA
Department of Electrical Engineering, The State University of New York at Buffalo,Buffalo, New York, USA
We present a study of an optofluidic biosensor. The sensor operates in a transmission mode wherein detection is based on a shift in the transmission spectrum caused by the contrast in refractive index between the carrier fluid and the target biomaterial. We study the behavior of the sensor using 2D full-wave electromagnetic analysis, and perform parametric studies of sensitivity as a function ...
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
Markus Zahn received all his education at MIT, was a professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering at the University of Florida, Gainesville from 1970-1980, and then joined the MIT Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science faculty in 1980. He works in the Laboratory for Eelectromagnetic and Eelectronic Systems, in the MIT High Voltage Research Laboratory, is the Director ...
M. Hackert, G. Meichsner, and A. Schubert[1,2]
Micromanufacturing Technology, Chemnitz University of Technology, Chemnitz, Germany
Fraunhofer Institute of Machine Tools and Forming Technology, Chemnitz, Germany
Electrochemical Machining with a closed electrolytic free jet is a special procedure to generate complex micro structures by help of anodic dissolution. The work piece shape is fabricated by supplying an electrolytic current through an electrolyte jet ejected from a small nozzle. In this study COMSOL Multiphysics is used to simulate the electric current density in the jet and the dissolution ...
Kurt Lund Consulting, Del Mar, California, USA
A kernel of grain is modeled as an isothermal sphere, with descriptive differential equations scaled or rendered into non-dimensional form, where moisture transfer is governed by internal diffusivity, not by surface conditions. The time dependent problem is solved with COMSOL and the average non-dimensional moisture content and its time-rate of change are obtained; by regression, these numerical ...
Variable Capacitance And Pull-In Voltage Analysis Of Electrically Actuated Meander-Suspended Superconducting MEMS
N. AlCheikh, P. Xavier, J.M. Duchamp, C.H. Boucher, and K. Schuster
Institute of Microelectronics, Electromagnetism and Photonics (IMEP-LAHC), Minatec, Grenoble, France
Institute of Millimetric Radio Astronomy (IRAM), Grenoble, France
Variable capacitors between the fF and pF range are very interesting for high frequency applications like variable filters, resonators, etc. For radio astronomy applications variable capacitors, realized by electrostatically actuated, micromechanical Meanders-suspended bridges (MEMS) made of superconducting Niobium, have been measured to find C(V). A non plane capacitance behavior have been ...